عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Examining the factors associated with impulsivity in forensic populations: A systematic review
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
بررسی عوامل مرتبط با تکانشگری در جمعیت پزشکی قانونی: یک بررسی منظم
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Aggression and Violent Behavior, Corrected Proof, 101409. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2020.101409
Max Alforda,d,⁎, Suzanne ORourkea, Patrick Doyleb, Lynda Toddc
Background: Elevated levels of impulsivity are considered a significant risk factor for violent behaviour within
forensic populations but our knowledge of the causes of impulsivity in this group remains limited. This review
collates and critically evaluates existing research examining factors associated with impulsive behaviour in
Method: A systematic review of the current literature was conducted. The electronic databases PsycINFO,
MEDLINE, EMBASE, and ProQuest Criminal Justice and Social Sciences were searched. Methodological quality
assessment of eligible articles was completed prior to a narrative synthesis of findings.
Results: Nine studies were included for review. Identified studies were rated as either of “adequate” or “good”
quality. Studies were limited in their use of prospective, longitudinal methodological designs to assess the relationship
between study variables and impulsive behaviour. Factors associated with increased impulsivity included
traumatic brain injury, substance or alcohol misuse, traumatic experiences and difficulty sleeping.
Conclusions: There remains little evidence regarding the underlying factors associated with impulsivity in forensic
groups or, whether these might differ from those in the wider population; a question that will require
further research. Those factors associated with impulsivity in forensic populations thus far; trauma, head injury,
alcohol and substance misuse and poor sleep quality, provide the opportunity for more targeted screening
for, and treatment of, impulsivity.
Keywords: Impulsivity | Forensic | Traumatic brain injury | Substances | Alcohol | Trauma | Sleep