عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
The association between psychopathy and delinquency in juveniles: A threelevel meta-analysis
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
ارتباط بین اختلالات فکری و بزهکاری در نوجوانان: یک فراتحلیل سه مرحله ای
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Aggression and Violent Behavior, 50 (2020) 101342. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2019.101342
Yoni Geerlingsa, Jessica J. Asschera,b,⁎, Geert-Jan J.M. Stamsa, Mark Assinka
Background: Psychopathy has repeatedly been linked with delinquency and criminal recidivism of adults. With
the increase of studies examining psychopathic traits in juveniles, it is important to also study this association in
juveniles to increase the effectiveness of preventive interventions for juvenile delinquency.
Purpose: The primary aim of the present meta-analysis was to examine the association between psychopathic
traits and delinquency in juveniles. The second aim was to examine which factors (i.e., type of delinquency, type
of psychopathic trait, and other study- and participant characteristics) moderate the association between psychopathy
and juvenile delinquent behavior.
Method: The data were analyzed in three-level meta-analytic models.
Results: In total, 87 studies were included, which used 74 independent samples and reported on 358 effect sizes.
Psychopathy was moderately and positively associated with juvenile delinquency (r=0.24, p < .0001). This
overall association was not influenced by type of delinquency. However, stronger effect sizes were found for
impulsivity traits than for callous unemotional traits.
Conclusion: Psychopathy in juveniles is associated with current and future offense behavior. Therefore, assessing
psychopathy in juveniles is important for strengthening intervention efforts targeting juvenile delinquency.
Keywords: Psychopathy | Juvenile delinquency | (violent) recidivism | Meta-analysis