دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:پروتکل مطالعه: یک آزمایش کنترل شده تصادفی کاهش خطر خودکشی در سال بعد از آزادی زندان (دادگاه SPIRIT) - 2020
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  • Study Protocol: A randomized controlled trial of suicide risk reduction in the year following jail release (the SPIRIT Trial) Study Protocol: A randomized controlled trial of suicide risk reduction in the year following jail release (the SPIRIT Trial)
    Study Protocol: A randomized controlled trial of suicide risk reduction in the year following jail release (the SPIRIT Trial)

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Study Protocol: A randomized controlled trial of suicide risk reduction in the year following jail release (the SPIRIT Trial)


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    پروتکل مطالعه: یک آزمایش کنترل شده تصادفی کاهش خطر خودکشی در سال بعد از آزادی زندان (دادگاه SPIRIT)


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Contemporary Clinical Trials, 94 (2020) 106003. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2020.106003


    نویسنده:

    Jennifer E. Johnsona,⁎, Richard Jonesb, Ted Millerc, Ivan Millerd, Barbara Stanleye, Greg Brownf, Sarah A. Ariasg, Louis Cerboh, Julie Rexrothi, Holly Fittingj, Danis Russellk, Sheryl Kubiakl, Michael Steinm, Christopher Matkovicn, Shirley Yenb, Brandon Gaudianog, Lauren M. Weinstockb


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Purpose: This article describes the protocol for a randomized effectiveness and cost-effectiveness trial of Stanley and Browns Safety Planning Intervention (SPI) during pretrial jail detention to reduce post-release suicide events (suicide attempts, suicide behaviors, and suicide-related hospitalizations). Background: With 10 million admissions per year and short stays (often days), U.S. jails touch many individuals at risk for suicide, providing an important opportunity for suicide prevention that is currently being missed. This study (N = 800) is the first randomized evaluation of an intervention to reduce suicide risk in the vulnerable year after jail release. Given that roughly 10% of all suicides in the U.S. with known circumstances occur in the context of a criminal legal stressor, reducing suicide risk in the year after arrest and jail detention could have a noticeable impact on national suicide rates. Design: Pretrial jail detainees at risk for suicide were randomized to SPI during jail detention plus post-release phone follow-up or to enhanced Standard Care. Outcomes assessed through 12 months post-release include suicide events, suicide attempts, weeks of active suicide ideation, severity of suicide ideation, time to first event, psychiatric symptoms, functioning, and cost-effectiveness. Methods accommodate short jail stays and maximize trial safety and follow-up in a large sample with severe suicide risk, access to lethal means including substances and firearms, high rates of psychiatric illness, and unstable circumstances. Conclusion: Adequate funding was important to create the infrastructure needed to run this large trial cleanly. We encourage funders to provide adequate resources to ensure clean, well-run trials.
    Keywords: Suicide | Prevention | Criminal justice | Jail release | Randomized controlled trial | Cost-effectiveness


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 12
    حجم فایل: 588 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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