عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
The impact of organ donation on coronial processes and forensic investigation: A literature review
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تأثیر اهدای عضو بر فرایندهای استعماری و تحقیقات پزشکی قانونی: بررسی ادبیات
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 71 (2020) 101940. doi:10.1016/j.jflm.2020.101940
Leo Nunnink a,b,*, Chelsea Wallace-Dixon c
There are competing requirements between organ donation for transplantation and coronial/forensic investigation.
Both require access to the body of the deceased. Optimally preserving physical evidence may reduce
availability of organs for life saving transplants. Performing organ retrieval could impact on death determination
and at worst could potentially interfere with criminal trial outcomes.
Objective: To summarise published literature regarding the interaction between organ donation and coronial/
Methods: A standard search strategy using the terms organ donation and coroner or medical examiner.
Results: There is a paucity of published literature. The incidence of coronial restriction of donation varies between
jurisdictions and between individual practitioners. A significant number of organs are lost to transplantation
through coronial restrictions. A number of strategies have been proposed to reduce the rate of coronial restrictions
but implementation is inconsistent despite support from forensic professional bodies. There was no
published report of a significant impact on death determination or trial outcome caused by organ retrieval.
Conclusions: Increased consistency in coronial/forensic decision making and implementation of recognised
strategies would increase the availability of organs for transplantation.
Keywords: Organ donation | Organ procurement | Coroners and medical examiners | Forensic medicine