عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
The impact of investigative genetic genealogy: perceptions of UK professional and public stakeholders
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تأثیر شجره نامه تحقیقاتی ژنتیکی: درک ذینفعان حرفه ای و عمومی انگلستان
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Forensic Science International: Genetics, 48 (2020) 102366. doi:10.1016/j.fsigen.2020.102366
G. Samuel a,*, D. Kennett b
Law enforcement authorities in the United States have been increasingly employing genealogists to search genetic
genealogy databases with unknown origin DNA from unidentified human remains, or from a serious crime
scene, to identify the victim or a potential suspected perpetrator. There are benefits to this form of searching in
terms of public safety and bringing justice to victims of crime, and such searches are legally permissible.
However, ethical questions arise regarding whether database users have a reasonable expectation that their DNA
information will be searched by law enforcement in this way, and so, in turn, questions about consent and
privacy have emerged. While initial surveys suggest generally positive support for using genetic genealogy
methods, less work has explored the underlying reasons behind this support. We were interested in exploring the
perceptions of key stakeholders in the UK with relation to this, specifically for the purposes of solving serious
crimes. Through a series of 45 predominantly UK public and stakeholder interviews, we show a general support
for the technology, though interviewees were also able to articulate a range of social and ethical concerns.
Support was associated with the extent interviewees perceived the technology as impacting the current use of
genetic genealogy databases in terms of individual genealogy database users, the genealogy community, and/or
genetic genealogy and law enforcement practices. We present our findings and discuss their implications.
Keywords: Investigative genetic genealogy | forensic genetic genealogy | genetic genealogy | forensics | DNA testing | ancestry | genetic testing | ethics