دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:ناتوانی رشد شدید و انتقال به بزرگسالی - 2020
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  • Severe developmental disability and the transition to adulthood Severe developmental disability and the transition to adulthood
    Severe developmental disability and the transition to adulthood

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Severe developmental disability and the transition to adulthood


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    ناتوانی رشد شدید و انتقال به بزرگسالی


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Disability and Health Journal , 13 (2020) 100912. doi:10.1016/j.dhjo.2020.100912


    نویسنده:

    Jessica N. Hoyle, MMT *, James N. Laditka, DA, PhD, Sarah B. Laditka, PhD


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Background: Developmental disabilities are serious and long-lasting. There are few studies of developmental disability in the transition to adulthood, when the programs that provided support in childhood may no longer be available. Objective: We studied associations of long-lasting developmental disabilities with health, behaviors, and well-being in adulthood. Methods: We used the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (1968e2017), its Child Development Supplement (CDS, 1997, 2002, 2007), and its Transition into Adulthood Supplement (TAS, every-other year, 2005 e2017) (n ¼ 2702) following a national sample from childhood through age 28, defining serious developmental disabilities using diagnoses and reports from parents, teachers, schools, children, and young adults. We tested differences in proportions using Chi-square tests, estimated differences in least squares means, and used logistic regression to compare results for those with and without developmental disabilities. We adjusted results for age, sex, race, immigrant status, family income, region, metropolitan statistical area, educational attainment, and employment status, accounting for sampling weights and survey design. Results: At ages 18e21, 8.2% had serious developmental disability (95% confidence interval, CI 6.6e9.8). They were more likely to report: no high school graduation (19.3% vs. 4.3%), being assaulted physically (32.1% vs. 20.4%) or sexually (14.4% vs. 6.6%), serious criminal arrests (25.7% vs. 13.2%), smoking (30.8% vs. 12.8%), sedentariness (5.8% vs. 1.1%), obesity (39.2% vs. 23.4%), diabetes (9.1% vs. 2.1%), and work disability (18.7% vs. 4.3%) (all p < 0.01) compared to peers without developmental disability. Conclusions: Results indicate opportunities to promote education, self-direction, safety, and well-being for people transitioning to adulthood with serious developmental disabilities.
    Keywords: Disability | Disparities | Developmental disability | Intellectual disability | Panel study of income dynamics


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 8
    حجم فایل: 187 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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