عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Port cybersecurity and threat: A structural model for prevention andpolicy development
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
امنیت سایبری و تهدید بندر: الگوی ساختاری برای پیشگیری و تدوین سیاست ها
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, Corrected proof. doi:10.1016/j.ajsl.2020.05.001
Most port operators have increasingly integrated cybertechnology into port activities to increase theircompetitiveness; unfortunately, this digitalization becomes the major vulnerability for the emergingcyberthreat. To help port policymakers develop cybersecurity measures, this study conceptualized anddeveloped three dimensions of port cybersecurity hygiene (i.e. human, infrastructure, and procedurefactors) and investigated the relationships between port cybersecurity hygiene and cyberthreats (i.e.hacktivism, cyber criminality, cyber espionage, cyber terrorism, and cyber war). A questionnaire surveywas used to collect data from all international container port operators and shipping lines with branchesin Thailand, and the proposed relationships were tested by structural equation modeling. The resultsindicated that container ports tended to encounter hacktivism when their human, infrastructure, andprocedure factors were vulnerable. The weakness of the human factor could also lead to cyber terrorism,while the deficiency of the infrastructure factor could lead to cyber criminality. Moreover, containerports were likely to be harmed by cyber espionage if their procedure factor was poorly implemented.Hence, the provision of training and education to all port workers, including top executives, managers,and supervisors, are necessary to ensure a cyberthreat-awareness culture at all organizational levels.Improving cybersecurity equipment could prevent unauthorized access to port business data and keepimportant information secure, while the ISPS Code-based procedures and other preventive measuresshould be strictly implemented by container ports to reduce the risk of cyberthreats.
Keywords: Cyberthreat | Port cybersecurity hygiene | Cybertechnology | Prevention and policy development | Port digitalization | Structural equation modeling