عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Sustainable modes and violence: Perceived safety and exposure to crimes on trips to and from a Brazilian university campus
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
حالت های پایدار و خشونت: ایمنی درک شده و قرار گرفتن در معرض جرایم در سفر به دانشگاه های دانشگاه برزیل
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Transport & Health, 16 (2020) 100817. doi:10.1016/j.jth.2019.100817
Denise Capasso da Silva a,*, Ant^onio N�elson Rodrigues da Silva b
Introduction: There is a general sense that violence and security perceptions influence the use of
sustainable travel modes. In this context, this research characterizes violence and security perceptions
around a Brazilian university campus. The primary objective of the research was to
identify how violence-related aspects influenced travel mode choice on trips to the campus,
especially the impact of those aspects on users of sustainable transportation modes.
Method: This characterization was conducted using results from an online survey conducted in
early 2016 and maps with geocoded points from reported answers. Decision Tree algorithms were
run to explore the relation of the users’ background (such as victims of violence or not, and
perceived insecurity on campus) and characteristics of their routes to campus considering their
decision to use sustainable modes or not.
Results: Crimes were most frequent on weeknights and, in relative terms, fewer women declared
feeling safe compared to men. Moreover, it was identified that locations with high incidences of
violence were perceived as insecure. Affiliation to the university and the occurrence of violence
had a greater impact on mode choice compared to security perception. The distance to the
campus was relevant to mode choice only on routes that were perceived as safe.
Conclusions: Using sustainable travel modes had a greater occurrence on routes with the highest
insecurity perception, and on routes with high incidences of violence. It is counter-intuitive to
assume that numerous walking trips are a consequence of violence. Hence, the results may
indicate the opposite, i.e. users of non-motorized modes attract the attention of criminals.
Therefore, increased surveillance on regions with high participation of non-motorized modes is
necessary to prevent users from shifting to motorized modes.
Keywords: Violence | Security perception | Sustainable travel modes | University campus