عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Anchor entrepreneurship and industry catalysis: The rise of the Italian Biomedical Valley
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
کارآفرینی و تجزیه و تحلیل صنعت لنگر: ظهور پزشکی ایتالیا
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Research Policy, 49 (2020) 104045: doi:10:1016/j:respol:2020:104045
Accounting for the rise of the medical device industry in the Emilia-Romagna town of Mirandola from a once depressed agricultural area in 1962 to a world-manufacturing center for dialysis equipment and disposable plastic medical devices, requires in large measure mapping the methods of the local entrepreneur who spear- headed its development. Reworking Agrawal and Cockburns anchor-tenant hypothesis highlighting the role of large organizations in fostering agglomerations, this paper privileges the Schumpeterian entrepreneur as the dynamic force driving new industrial formations. This anchor-entrepreneur with no prior experience in manu- facturing medical devices and without any public financing or large private backers founded six firms. Each of these would be sold off fairly quickly to a different large multinational corporation. Placing the anchor-en- trepreneur at the center stage advances understanding of early industry evolution, spelling out how first-mover pioneers shape the environment to establish the first markets needed to attract new resources and capabilities. Underpinning our argument are 61 fine-grain interviews with key medical device industry informants in addi- tion to extensive secondary sources and historical records. We draw on this material to induce a stylized model of anchor-entrepreneurship and industry catalysis that rests on three generative processes: bricolage, second-hand imprinting and beaconing.
Keywords: Anchor-entrepreneur | Entrepreneurial genealogy | Imprinting | Bricolage | Industry emergence