عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Technology before engineering: How James Bond films mediate between fiction and reality in the portrayal of innovation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
فناوری قبل از مهندسی: چگونه فیلم های جیمز باند در به تصویر کشیدن نوآوری میان داستان و واقعیت واسطه هستند
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Technovation, 92-93 (2020) 102080: doi:10:1016/j:technovation:2019:05:006
Imaginary technical devices and machinery portrayed in the James Bond films are known to have inspired real innovation activities. This paper investigates the dynamics of cultural entrepreneurship behind this phenom- enon. It presents a hermeneutic analysis of the James Bond film series which identifies various patterns in the portrayal of technology which create labels and vocabularies for innovation activities and cognitive legitimacy for their implementation. These patterns have little in common with systematic approaches known from in- dustrial research and development. They are instead related to general strategies of sense-making among users, which neglect practical issues in engineering. Drawing on Suvins concept of the novum, the paper describes this as a transformational approach to innovation, which is less interested in the actual characteristics of a new artefact, but rather its function as an enabler for change.
Keywords: Cultural entrepreneurship | Film | James Bond | Novum | Objective hermeneutics