عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Are entrepreneurs born or made? The influence of personality
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
آیا کارآفرینان متولد شده اند یا ساخته شده اند؟ تأثیر شخصیت
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Personality and Individual Differences, 154 (2019) 109699: doi:10:1016/j:paid:2019:109699
Currently, entrepreneurship is of great importance to economic growth and reduced unemployment. Since entrepreneurial behavior is multidimensional, interest in understanding the roles of individual variables has in- creased signiﬁcantly. The present study uses the theoretical and empirical framework of entrepreneurship re- search to explain the existence of the psychological proﬁle of an entrepreneur, the impact of the psychological variables of personality on behavior and entrepreneurial intention, and the relationship between personality traits and other speciﬁc traits frequently related to entrepreneurship. A sample of 337 participants composed of real entrepreneurs (n = 83) and university students (n = 254) with high scores in entrepreneurial intention were evaluated in personality (Big Five) and other speciﬁc traits: ambiguity tolerance, emotional intelligence and coping and problem solving. The results showed that both groups share the same proﬁle in these variables once adjustments were made for the eﬀects of sex and age. A target proﬁle and a preliminary evaluation of its best possible accuracy are provided.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship | Target profile | Big Five | Emotional intelligence