عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Entrepreneurial fear of failure: Scale development and validation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
ترس کارآفرینی از شکست: توسعه و اعتبار سنجی مقیاس
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Business Venturing, 35 (2020) 106041: doi:10:1016/j:jbusvent:2020:106041
Fear of failure is an important part of the experience of entrepreneurship. Yet past research has
mainly investigated fear of failure in entrepreneurship among non entrepreneurs or nascent
entrepreneurs and has done so by asking for reactions to hypothetical future failure. This approach to operationalizing the construct limits our capacity for understanding how entrepreneurs
actually experience fear of failure while practicing entrepreneurship. In this paper, we conceptualize entrepreneurial fear of failure as a negative affective reaction based in cognitive appraisals of the potential for failure in the uncertain and ambiguous context of entrepreneurship.
We use multiple samples to develop and validate a multidimensional, formative measure to assess
entrepreneurial fear of failure as a state that is both cognitive and affective in nature. In addition
to evidence of the psychometric properties of the new scale across multiple studies, we present a
nomological network analysis with respect to measures of theoretically derived psychological
outcomes and perceived behavioral tendencies of entrepreneurial fear of failure. We then discuss
the theoretical, methodological, and empirical implications of this new measure of entrepreneurial fear of failure with an eye towards use of this scale in future research.
Keywords: Fear of failure | Entrepreneurship | Measure development