عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
The medium-term impact of entrepreneurship education on labor market outcomes: Experimental evidence from university graduates in Tunisia
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تأثیر میان مدت آموزش کارآفرینی بر نتایج بازار کار: شواهد تجربی دانش آموختگان دانشگاه در تونس
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Labour Economics, 62 (2020) 101787: doi:10:1016/j:labeco:2019:101787
Despite the widespread popularity of entrepreneurship education, there is thin evidence on its eﬀectiveness in improving employment outcomes over the medium to long-term. A potential time lag between entrepreneurial intentions and actions is sometimes presented as a reason why employment impacts are rarely observed. Based on a randomized control trial among university students in Tunisia, this paper studies the medium-term impacts of entrepreneurship education four years after students’ graduation. The paper complements earlier evidence that documented small short-term impacts on entry into self-employment and aspirations toward the future one year after graduation. The medium-term results show that the impacts of entrepreneurship education were short-lived. The intervention led to a temporary increase in business ideas and in nascent entrepreneurship. However, there is no sustained impact on self-employment or employment outcomes four years after graduation. The intervention induced some lasting impacts on business knowledge, but not on business networks. A large share of graduates reports ﬁnancial constraints as the most prevailing barrier to entrepreneurship.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Training | Self-employment | Skills | Field experiment | Randomized control trial