عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Opportunity and necessity entrepreneurship in the hospitality sector: Examining the institutional environment influences
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
کارآفرینی فرصت و ضرورت در بخش مهمان نوازی: بررسی تأثیرات محیط نهادی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Tourism Management Perspectives, 34 (2020) 100665: doi:10:1016/j:tmp:2020:100665
This study combined three diﬀerent data sources, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), Index of Economic Freedom (IEF) and World Development Indicator (WDI) to examine the relationships between three dimensions of the country-level institutional environment (i.e., regulatory, cognitive, and normative) and two types of hospitality entrepreneurship (opportunity-based vs. necessity-driven). Logit regression analyses on a multi- sourced dataset indicate that the three dimensions of institutional environment had diﬀerent eﬀects on hospitality entrepreneurship. Speciﬁcally, the regulatory dimension positively aﬀected opportunity-based entrepreneurship; however, its eﬀect on necessity entrepreneurship was negative. In contrast, the normative dimension had a negative eﬀect on opportunity entrepreneurship and a positive eﬀect on necessity entrepreneurship. The cognitive dimension had no signiﬁcant relationship with either opportunity or necessity entrepreneurship in the hospitality sector.
Keywords: Institutional environment | Opportunity entrepreneurship | Necessity entrepreneurship | Hospitality entrepreneurship | Country-level