عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Touching the invisible: Exploring the nexus of energy access, entrepreneurship, and solar homes systems in India
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
لمس موارد نامرئی: بررسی رابطه دسترسی به انرژی ، کارآفرینی و سیستم های خانه های خورشیدی در هند
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Energy Research & Social Science, 69 (2020) 101767: doi:10:1016/j:erss:2020:101767
Off-grid electrification, using Solar Home Systems (SHSs), has become a viable alternative to conventional grid extensions in geographically dispersed rural Bottom of the Pyramid (BoP) markets, which are characterised as high-risk business environments. Using two SHS companies, Boond and Selco, as case studies, this article uses narrative interviews with key employees to identify the often overlooked, or invisible, micro-activities that social enterprises need to sustain themselves in rural BoP markets. This study examines the relationship between social entrepreneurship, rural BoP market characteristics, and challenges related to energy access, by combining the business model frameworks of social entrepreneurship and off-grid solar. Using narrative theory, it identifies three key activities and associated risks: community engagement, stakeholder management, and organizational capacity building. Social enterprises ought to engage in these three activities in order to manage the high-risk environment in the rural BoP markets. Community engagement bolsters social trust and results in customized solutions for the end-user; stakeholder management creates a favourable business environment and is a de- terminantal risk proposition; and finally, organizational capacity-building enables businesses to deliver reliable services, by increasing overall human resource management efficiency, while building social trust. Through a risk assessment of social entrepreneurial activities, practitioners and stakeholders can navigate the risk-based nature of rural SHS markets.
Keywords: Solar Home Systems (SHS) | Rural Bottom of the Pyramid (BoP) | Social entrepreneurship | Narrative analysis