عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Entrepreneurship in a transformative and resource-rich state: The case of Qatar
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
کارآفرینی در یک کشور دگرگون کننده و سرشار از منابع: پرونده قطر
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - The Extractive Industries and Society,Corrected proof,doi:10:1016/j:exis:2020:04:002
Countries blessed with natural resources have generally struggled to achieve sustainable economic development and prosperity. Population growth, the depletion of natural resources coupled with mismanagement, and sharp fluctuations in prices of those resources are among the main reasons for sub-optimal economic performance. Some resource-rich countries have been expending effort and money in an attempt to change this inverse relationship (a.k.a. “the resource curse”) by designing policies to diversify their economies with high value-added industries and sectors. Qatar is a such country and point of the interest in this article. Qatars political and economic structure, its efforts to diversify its economy, and the potential for improved entrepreneurial outcomes with high value-added products, services, businesses, and industries are analyzed. The country has been very effective in maximizing the benefits of its oil resources and especially its large natural gas reserves, becoming the largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the world. Revenues from oil and gas sales have been invested in the domestic economy and global assets. Thus far, however, it has not shown the in-house capacity for innovation and entrepreneurship critical for sustainable economic diversification going forward. This publication was made possible in part by NPRP grant #10–1203–160007 from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of the Qatar Foundation).
Keywords: Transformative State | Resource Rich Economies | Diversification | governance | Entrepreneurship