عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
‘Centres of excellence’ for artisanal and small-scale gold mining in Tanzania: Assumptions around artisanal entrepreneurship and formalization
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
«مراکز برتری» استخراج صنعتگر و مقیاس کوچک طلا در تانزانیا: مفروضات پیرامون کارآفرینی و رسمی سازی صنعتگران
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - The Extractive Industries and Society, 7 (2020) 758-766: doi:10:1016/j:exis:2020:03:011
The Africa Mining Vision reiterates the importance of training centres or ‘centres of excellence’ (COEs) for artisanal and small-scale mining but historically, these have had mixed results, partly due to a lack of under- standing of demand for services. Recently, understanding of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) organizational and ﬁnancial structures has improved, allowing for a more nuanced comparison of formalization policies that emphasize the ‘entrepreneurial’ nature of ASM operators and those that foreground the importance of poverty as a driving factor. With World Bank support, Tanzania has recently established several COEs including two for the artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector. This article examines the potentials of these centres, based on key informant interviews, as well as a literature review of experiences from other African countries. Further, we analyse activities planned at COEs, within the Tanzanian institutional and policy context, which tends to treat ASM as ‘entrepreneurs’. We explore implications of the Tanzanian approach for potential for malization of ASM and transformation of ASM operators into medium-scale mining ﬁrms; and identify some institutional tensions and risks involved in implementing the COE approach.
Keywords: artisanal and small-scale mining | formalization | training centres | Tanzania | gold