عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
How has formal institutions influenced opportunity and necessity entrepreneurship? The case of brics economies
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
چگونه نهادهای رسمی بر کارآفرینی بر فرصت و ضرورت تأثیر گذاشته اند؟ مورد اقتصاد brics
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Heliyon, 6 (2017) e04931: doi:10:1016/j:heliyon:2020:e04931
Thomas Bilaliib Udimal
Using a panel data of BRICS economies, this study looks at how formal institutions have inﬂuenced various types of entrepreneurship. The study concentrated mainly on the following formal institutional factors: ﬁscal freedom, business freedom, property rights, ﬁnancial freedom, labour freedom, and investment freedom. For the opportunity entrepreneurship, the result is not statistically signiﬁcant. With the exception of business freedom, the remaining institutional factors have negative relationship with opportunity entrepreneurship. Fiscal freedom and business freedom show negative signiﬁcant relationship with necessity entrepreneurship. The result also shows that business freedom has a negative signiﬁcant effect on female opportunity entrepreneurship. The study further reveals that ﬁscal freedom, business freedom and ﬁnancial freedom have a negative signiﬁcant effect on men necessity entrepreneurship. Population growth has a positive effect on all categories of entrepreneurship whiles unemployment contributes negatively to all categories of entrepreneurship.
Keywords: Opportunity entrepreneurship | Necessity entrepreneurship | Female opportunity entrepreneurship | Male opportunity entrepreneurship | Female necessity entrepreneurship | Male necessity entrepreneurship| Economic development | Economic growth| Employment | Inequality | Poverty