عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
A global mapping template for natural and modified habitat across terrestrial Earth
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
یک الگوی نقشه برداری جهانی برای زیستگاه طبیعی و اصلاح شده در سراسر زیستگاه های زمینی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Biological Conservation, 250 (2020) 108674: doi:10:1016/j:biocon:2020:108674
The IPBES Global Assessment proposed ﬁve key interventions to tackle the drivers of nature deterioration. One of these proposals was to take pre-emptive and precautionary actions in regulatory and management institutions and businesses. Performance standards are tools that can be used to help achieve these interventions. The most inﬂuential standard is Performance Standard 6 (PS6) of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), part of the World Bank Group. Institutions like the IFC invest in the private sector in developing countries, including in the infrastructure, agribusiness, forestry, oil, gas and mining sectors, all of which have the potential to cause large environmental impacts. A core element of PS6 outlines the need for the consideration of “natural and modiﬁed habitat” within investment screening processes. Here we use freely available data layers in combination to develop a new global layer that identiﬁes natural and modiﬁed habitat. It is aligned with the IFC PS6 deﬁnitions of natural and modiﬁed habitat. However, we propose this layer as an output that can be used beyond the IFC and could be integrated into the investment decision making of global and regional banks, or the decision making of international corporations.
Keywords: International Finance Corporation Performance | Standard 6 | Biodiversity safeguards | Natural habitat | Modified habitat | Investment screening | Environmental risk