عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
A new circular business model typology for creating value from agro-waste
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
نوع جدید مدل کسب و کار دایره ای برای ایجاد ارزش از زباله های کشاورزی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Science of the Total Environment, 716 (2020) 137065: doi:10:1016/j:scitotenv:2020:137065
Shifting from a linear to a circular economy in the agrifood domain requires innovative business models, including reverse logistics, new visions on customer-supplier relationships, and new forms of organization and marketing strategies at the crossroads of various value chains.
This research aims to identify and characterise different types of business models that create value from agricultural waste and by-products via cascading or closing loops. Conceptual and management insights into circular
business models are still sparse.
In total, 39 cases have been studied that convert agro-waste and by-products into valuable products via a circular
economy approach. Semi-structured interviews and on-site visits of six representative cases have been done, and
secondary data been collected. Data has been treated with content analysis. Cases are presented according to the
type of organisational structure, resources, transformation processes, value propositions, key partners, customers, strategic approaches and innovation.
Six types of circular business models are identified and discussed: biogas plant, upcycling entrepreneurship, environmental biorefinery, agricultural cooperative, agropark and support structure. They differ in their way of
value creation and organisational form, but strongly depend on partnerships and their capacity to respond to
changing external conditions.
This study offers the first circular business model typology within the agricultural domain, revealing the interconnectedness of the six different business model types. It provides options for managers in positioning and adapting
their business strategies. It highlights the potential of using biomass first for higher added-value products before
exploiting it as energy source. Cascading biomass valorisation at a territorial level will increasingly be important
for locally cooperating actors within a circular bioeconomy approach.
Keywords: Circular economy | Bioeconomy | Business models | Agro-waste valorisation | Networks