عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Search strategies at the European Patent Office
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
راهکارهای جستجو در اداره ثبت اختراعات اروپا
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - World Patent Information, 63 (2020) 101989: doi:10:1016/j:wpi:2020:101989
Yan Tang Demey
Prior-art search is a critical step towards determining whether a patent can be granted or not. In 2016, an internal project called Search Workflow Modelling (SWM) was launched at the European Patent Office (EPO) for building a search knowledgebase, which contains a set of models that record not only the current situation on how patent examiners deal with prior-art search (i.e. the as-is models), but also their requirements of being able to do a more efficient and effective search (i.e. the to-be models). We use the Fact-based Modelling (FBM) approach for formalizing search ontologies, which cover a common vocabulary, relations between concepts related to search, and constraints applicable to these relations. We use a hybrid modelling approach of Business Process Modelling Notations and Case Management Model and Notations (BPMN/CMMN) to model search work flows. A patent search strategy typically involves at least one FBM model and at least one BPMN/CMMN model. In this paper, we will illustrate 5 types of existing search strategies (including recursive flow patterns and FBM models for future search features), and future search strategies. The SWM empirical studies in this paper are being put into practice in the ongoing projects concerning search tools at the EPO.
Keywords: Ontologies | Search strategies | Patent search | Prior-art search | BPMN | CMMN