عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
What causes organizations to fail? A review of literature to inform future food sector (management) research
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
چه عواملی باعث شکست سازمان ها می شود؟ مروری بر ادبیات جهت آگاهی از تحقیقات مربوط به بخش غذایی (مدیریت) آینده
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Trends in Food Science & Technology, 101 (2020) 223-233: doi:10:1016/j:tifs:2020:05:011
Susan Yuko Higashi
Background: Organizational failure in food markets is a potential threat to food security. Thus, a greater understanding of the factors that inﬂuence organizational failure and reduce supply chain resilience is essential to underpin agile and dynamic food supply chains. Scope and approach: The aim of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of system level factors that inﬂuence organizational failure in food supply chains in order to conceptualize the horizontal and vertical in- teraction of such factors at the three levels described: the micro system, the meso system and the macro system level. A systematic review, based on a speciﬁc search strategy, incorporated articles from the ﬁelds of management, business and economics research. Whilst 616 articles were initially identiﬁed, only 41 of these were within the established inclusion criteria and reviewed. A model of organizational failure, determined here as “The House of Cards Model”, is developed, that can then be empirically tested in further research. Key ﬁndings and conclusions: A hierarchy was developed to contextualize the factors deemed to be of inﬂuence. The macro (external environment) level includes criteria such as economic conditions, formal institutions, government policies, competitors and rumors. The factors addressed in the meso (organizational) level include organization age and size, location, property structure, client, supplier and shareholder relationships, ﬁnancial resources, physical resources, human resources and succession process. At the micro (individual) level the managers’ skill, characteristics, actions and mindset are of inﬂuence. This paper contributes to advancing the debate and underpins further empirical research on organizational failure in food supply chains.
Keywords: Organizational | Failure | Meso | Micro | Macro | Factors