عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Pharmaceutical industry riding the wave of sustainability: Review and opportunities for future research
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
صنعت داروسازی سوار بر موج پایداری: مرور و فرصت ها برای تحقیقات آینده
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Cleaner Production, 261 (2020) 121204: doi:10:1016/j:jclepro:2020:121204
In recent years, the sustainability of the pharmaceutical industry has received growing attention from
consumers, policymakers, and organizations. Concerns about the introduction of sustainability practices
into the development of new delivery systems, new products that pose a lower environmental risk, waste
recycling, the reduction of water usage, greener manufacturing methods, and recyclable packaging have
intensified attention on this topic. The sustainability of the pharmaceutical industry has also aroused the
interest of scholars from various disciplines, such as chemistry, engineering, and environmental sciences.
Even business and management studies are taking this topic into account. A higher degree of management complexity is affecting pharmaceutical companies, in which the need to ensure environmental,
economic, and social sustainability, as well as to control expenses, has led to the introduction of an
economic logic into the management of sustainability issues. Thus, we review existing business and
management studies on sustainability in the pharmaceutical industry with the following aims in mind:
to depict the current status of the research, to delineate the main approaches to sustainability, and to
identify possible gaps and subject areas to be investigated in future research. The analysis reveals that
environmental sustainability has become a central focus of management studies, especially in terms of
cleaner production, green supply chain, green materials, and sustainable human resource management.
The paper proposes areas that remain unexplored and might represent opportunities for future research,
including waste management, the economic impact of new drugs, the contribution of pharmaceutical
companies to the economic sustainability of health systems, and the study of emerging vs. mature
Keywords: Pharmaceutical industry | Sustainability | Health | Sustainable development | Systematic literature review.