عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Knowledge restructuring through case processing: The key to generalize expertise development theory across domains?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تجدید ساختار دانش از طریق پردازش پرونده: کلید تعمیم نظریه توسعه تخصص در دامنه ها؟
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Educational Research Review, 29 (2020) 100310: doi:10:1016/j:edurev:2020:100310
Henny P.A. Boshuizen
In many domains evidence exists that expertise development goes along with the adaptation of
cognitive structures and processes. Whilst it is generally assumed that expertise and its acquisition is domain-specific, there are nevertheless similarities across domains that may evoke
comparable processes and lead to similar cognitive restructuring. The “Knowledge Restructuring
through Case Processing” (KR-CP) theory is proposed as a domain-general framework that takes
into account similarities and differences between domains in order to explain corresponding
processes and performances of professionals in different domains. The KR-CP theory is based on
the assumption that dealing with complex cases plays a major role in many professional domains
and allows for cognitive adaptations to routine as well as novel situations. The focus of this
review is to investigate the capacity of this assumption to explain expertise development in
multiple domains. Starting from the domain of medicine, in which such outcomes have been
extensively studied, three further domains are analysed. Evidence is reviewed from counselling
and psychotherapy, business management, and law. Thereby specific methodological complications emerge concerning the criteria for expert selection, the definition of levels of expertise, or
the degree of authenticity of participants tasks. Nevertheless, direct and strong indications for
restructuring knowledge into scripts and macro-concepts could be identified in all three domains.
To further substantiate the KR-CP theory, studies are needed that explicitly address the comparison of case processing in different domains.
Keywords: Case processing | Domain-specificity | Generality of expertise | Knowledge restructuring | Levels of expertise | Running head | Knowledge restructuring through case | processing