عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Effect of REDDþ projects on local livelihood assets in Keo Seima and Oddar Meanchey, Cambodia
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تأثیر پروژه های REDDþ بر دارایی های معیشتی محلی در Keo Seima و Oddar Meanchey ، کامبوج
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Heliyon, 6 (2017) e03802: doi:10:1016/j:heliyon:2020:e03802
þClimate-change mitigation projects are expected to improve local livelihoods in targeted areas. Several REDDþ projects aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, conserving and enhancing forest carbon stocks, and sustainably managing forests have been implemented in Cambodia but few studies have examined the effects on local livelihoods before and during project implementation. Our study applies a sus- tainable livelihood framework to assess the livelihood assets of local communities in the Oddar Meanchey and Keo Seima REDD project sites in Cambodia before and during project implementation. Five capital assets, namely natural, physical, human, ﬁnancial, and social capital, are assessed and scored on a 1-to-5 Likert scale. Data analysis collected through 252 interviews in Oddar Meanchey and Keo Seima reveals a slight increase in livelihood assets in both sites from project validation to implementation. Generally, the mean scores for local livelihood assets increased from 2.81 T 0.07 (Tis followed by the standard error) and 2.66 T 0.06 to 3.07 T 0.09 and 3.06 T 0.08 in Oddar Meanchey and Keo Seima, respectively. Nevertheless, natural capital assets sharply declined from 3.50 and 3.32 to 2.09 and 2.25, respectively. Respondents mainly blamed illegal logging for the decline, suggesting that strict patrolling and enforcement must be implemented. Furthermore, the scarcity of carbon-credit buyers and the projects’ inability to generate carbon-based revenues has led to dissatisfaction among local communities, inducing avoidable illegal activities in pursuit of short-term beneﬁts. A ﬁnancial mechanism to ensure sufﬁcient and sustained ﬁnancial support regardless of carbon-market volatility is urgently needed.
Keywords: Business | Economics | Livelihood improvement | REDDþ | Natural capital | Physical capital | Human capital | Financial capital | Carbon credit | Agricultural policy | Agroforestry | Ecological restoration | Forestry | Human geography | Natural resource management | Sustainable development | Ecosystem services | Biodiversity