عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Hydrogen supply chain and challenges in large-scale LH2 storage and transportation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
زنجیره تامین هیدروژن و چالش هایی در ذخیره سازی و حمل و نقل LH2 در مقیاس بزرگ
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Corrected proof: doi:10:1016/j:ijhydene:2021:05:025
Ram R. Ratnakar
Hydrogen is considered to be one of the fuels of future and liquid hydrogen (LH2) technology
has great potential to become energy commodity beyond LNG. However, for commercial
widespread use and feasibility of hydrogen technology, it is of utmost importance to develop
cost-effective and safe technologies for storage and transportation of LH2 for use in stationary applications as well as offshore transportation. This paper reviews various aspects of
global hydrogen supply chain starting from several ways of production to storage and delivery to utilization. While each these aspects contribute to the overall success and efficiency
of the global supply chain, storage and delivery/transport are the key enablers for establishing global hydrogen technology, especially while current infrastructure and technology
are being under development. In addition, while all storage options have their own advantages/disadvantages, the LH2 storage has unique advantages due to the familiarity
with well-established LNG technology and existing hydrogen technology in space programs.
However, because of extremely low temperature constraints, commercialization of LH2
technology for large-scale storage and transportation faces many challenges, which are
discussed in this paper along with the current status and key gaps in the existing technology.
© 2021 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Hydrogen supply chain | Hydrogen production | Liquefaction | Hydrogen storage | Insulation strategy | Thermal modeling