عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
A two-stage multi-objective second generation biodiesel supply chain design considering social sustainability: A case study
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
یک طرح زنجیره تأمین بیودیزل چند مرحله ای چند مرحله ای با توجه به پایداری اجتماعی: یک مطالعه موردی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Energy, 233 (2021) 121020: doi:10:1016/j:energy:2021:121020
Undesirable environmental impacts caused by fossil fuel consumption have motivated governments to focus on biofuels production. Therefore, in our paper, we design a multi-objective biodiesel supply chain from Jatropha, which includes biomass cultivation center, pretreatment, and oil extraction center, bio- reﬁnery, and demand zone. In our study, a two-stage approach presented, which ﬁrst speciﬁes candidate locations for biomass cultivation with a common weight data envelopment analysis (CWDEA) method and then strategic and tactical decisions were made by a mathematical model. The presented multi- objective model focuses on cost minimization, besides social beneﬁts and environmental impacts maximization while a life cycle assessment approach is used to model social indicators. The capability of the model is validated by proposing a case study of Iran and the augmented ε-constraint method is employed to reach a trade-off between three pillars of sustainability while managerial insights are provided by employing a Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method for the optimal solution selection. Models results and sensitivity analysis on key parameters, specify the best locations for Jatropha Curcas L. (JCL) cultivation and facility construction as well as an optimal value of supply chain variables, which ﬁnally proves that Iran has a high potential for biodiesel production from JCL that leads improving balanced socio-economic development in this country.© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Biodiesel supply chain design | Jatropha | Multi-objectives optimization | CWDEA | TOPSIS | Social responsibility