عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Utilizing IoT to design a relief supply chain network for the SARS-COV-2 pandemic
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
استفاده از اینترنت اشیا برای طراحی شبکه زنجیره تأمین امداد برای همه گیری SARS-COV-2
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Applied Soft Computing Journal, 104 (2021) 107210: doi:10:1016/j:asoc:2021:107210
The current universally challenging SARS-COV-2 pandemic has transcended all the social, logical, economic, and mortal boundaries regarding global operations. Although myriad global societies tried to address this issue, most of the employed efforts seem superficial and failed to deal with the problem, especially in the healthcare sector. On the other hand, the Internet of Things (IoT) has enabled healthcare system for both better understanding of the patient’s condition and appropriate monitoring in a remote fashion. However, there has always been a gap for utilizing this approach on the healthcare system especially in agitated condition of the pandemics. Therefore, in this study, we develop two innovative approaches to design a relief supply chain network is by using IoT to address multiple suspected cases during a pandemic like the SARS-COV-2 outbreak. The first approach (prioritizing approach) minimizes the maximum ambulances response time, while the second approach (allocating approach) minimizes the total critical response time. Each approach is validated and investigated utilizing several test problems and a real case in Iran as well. A set of efficient meta-heuristics and hybrid ones is developed to optimize the proposed models. The proposed approaches have shown their versatility in various harsh SARS-COV-2 pandemic situations being dealt with by managers. Finally, we compare the two proposed approaches in terms of response time and route optimization using a real case study in Iran. Implementing the proposed IoT-based methodology in three consecutive weeks, the results showed 35.54% decrease in the number of confirmed cases.© 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Supply chain design | Epidemic outbreaks | Industry 4.0 | COVID-19 | SARS-COV-2