عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Biometric traits of onion ( Allium cepa L:) exposed to 137Cs and 243Am under hydroponic cultivation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
صفات بیومتریک پیاز (Allium cepa L:) در معرض 137 درجه سانتیگراد و 243 آمپر در زیر کشت هیدروپونیک
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 207 (2021) 111191: doi:10:1016/j:ecoenv:2020:111191
≈ ≈≈ ≈To elucidate the features of bioaccumulation and phytotoxic effects of long-lived artificial radionuclides, a hydroponic experiment was carried out with the cultivation of onion (Allium cepa L.) in low-mineralized solutions spiked with 137Cs (250 kBq L—1) or 243Am (9 kBq L—1). After the 27-day growth period, 70% of 137Cs and 14% of 243Am were transferred from the solutions to onion biomass with transfer factor values 400 and 80, respectively. Since the bioaccumulation of both radionuclides mainly took place in the roots of onion (77% 137Csand 93% 243Am of the total amount in biomass), edible organs – bulbs and leaves – were protected to some extent from radioactive contamination. At the same time, the incorporation of the radionuclides into the root tissues caused certain changes in their biometric (geometric and mass) traits, which were more pronounced under the243Am-treatment of onion. Exposure to 243Am significantly reduced the number, length, and total surface area of onion roots by 1.3–2.6 times. Under the influence of 137Cs, the dry-matter content in roots decreased by 1.3 times with a corresponding increase in the degree of hydration of the root tissues. On the whole, the data obtained revealed the specific features of 137Cs and 243Am behaviour in “hydroponic solution – plant” system and suggested that biometric traits of onion roots could be appropriate indicators of phyto(radio)toxicity.
Keywords: Radionuclides | Bioaccumulation | Root uptake | Transfer factor | Root–to–shoot translocation | Phytotoxicity