عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Towards online applications of EEG biometrics using visual evoked potentials
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
در جهت کاربردهای آنلاین بیومتریک EEG با استفاده از پتانسیل های برانگیخته بصری
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Expert Systems With Applications, 177 (2021) 114961: doi:10:1016/j:eswa:2021:114961
Electroencephalogram (EEG)-based biometrics have attracted increasing attention in recent years. A few studies have used visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in EEG biometrics due to their high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and good stability. However, a systematic comparison of different types of VEPs is still lacking. Therefore, this study proposes a system framework for VEP-based biometrics. We quantitatively compared the performance of three types of VEP signals in person identification. Flash VEPs (f-VEPs), steady-state VEPs (ss-VEPs), and code- modulated VEPs (c-VEPs) measured from a group of 21 subjects on two different days were used to estimate the correct recognition rate (CRR). We adopted a template-matching-based identification algorithm that was developed for VEP detection in brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) for person identification. Furthermore, this study demonstrates an online person identification system using c-VEPs with a group of 15 subjects. Among the three methods, c-VEPs achieved the highest CRRs of 100% using 3.15-s VEP data (a 5.25-s duration including 2.1-s intervals) in the intra-session condition and 99.48% using 10.5-s VEP data (a 17.5-s duration including 7-s intervals) in the cross-session condition. The online system achieved a cross-session CRR of 98.93% using 10.5-s VEP data (a 14-s duration including 3.5-s intervals). A systematic comparison of the performance of the three types of VEP signals in EEG-based person identification revealed that the c-VEP paradigm achieved the highest CRRs. The online system further demonstrated high performance in practical applications. The proposed VEP- based biometric system obtained promising identification performance, showing great potential for online per- son identification applications in real life.
Keywords: Biometrics | Electroencephalography | Person identification | Visual evoked potentials | Pattern analysis