عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Associations of Vision Impairment and Eye Diseases With Memory Decline Over 4 Years in China and the United States
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
ارتباط اختلالات بینایی و بیماریهای چشمی با کاهش حافظه بیش از 4 سال در چین و ایالات متحده
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - American Journal of Ophthalmology, 228 (2021) 16-26: doi:10:1016/j:ajo:2021:03:021
• PURPOSE: To examine whether vision impairment and
eye diseases are independently associated with memory
decline in older adults.
• DESIGN: Cohort study.
• METHODS: We included 8,315 participants aged 50-
94 years in China Health and Retirement Longitudinal
Study (CHARLS) from China and 8,939 participants
aged 50-95 years in Health and Retirement Study (HRS)
from the United States in our analysis.
• RESULTS: During 4.0 years’ follow-up, the composite
memory decreased by 0.16 points in CHARLS. During
3.9 years’ follow-up, the composite memory decreased by
0.51 in HRS. Distance vision impairment was inversely
associated with an annual change in composite memory
(β [95% CI]: –0.07 [–0.12, –0.01]) and immediate memory (–0.04 [–0.07, –0.02]) in CHARLS, and the corresponding values in HRS were –0.19 (–0.34, –0.05) and
–0.07 (–0.13, –0.00), respectively. Near vision impairment was inversely associated with an annual change in
delayed memory in CHARLS and composite memory, immediate memory, and delayed memory in HRS. In HRS,
the association between distance vision impairment and
memory decline was observed in individuals aged <65
years (β [95% CI]: –0.54 [–0.78, –0.30]) but not in those
aged ≥65 years (–0.01 [–0.20, 0.18]). Cataract surgery
or glaucoma was not significantly associated with memory
decline in either CHARLS or HRS.
• CONCLUSION: Distance vision impairment was independently associated with an accelerated rate of memory
decline in both China and the United States. Near vision impairment was predictive of decline in delayed memory
in China and of decline in composite, immediate, and delayed memory in the United States. (Am J Ophthalmol
2021;228: 16–26. © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.)