عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Evaluating Congou black tea quality using a lab-made computer vision system coupled with morphological features and chemometrics
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
ارزیابی کیفیت چای سیاه کنگو با استفاده از یک سیستم بینایی کامپیوتری ساخته شده در آزمایشگاه همراه با ویژگی های مورفولوژیکی و شیمی سنجی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Microchemical Journal, 160 (2021) 105600: doi:10:1016/j:microc:2020:105600
The feature of external shape in tea is a vital quality index that determines the rank quality of tea. The potential of a lab-made computer vision system (CVS) coupled with morphological features and chemometric tools is investigated for evaluating Congou black tea quality. First, Raw images of 700 tea samples from seven different quality grades are acquired using the CVS. The original images collected are processed by graying, binarization, and median de-noising. Then, six morphological parameters (viz. width, length, area, perimeter, length-width ratio, and rectangularity) from the samples are extracted by the shape segmentation of each tea leaf image, and the corresponding feature histogram is obtained. Finally, support vector machine (SVM) and least squares- support vector machine (LS-SVM) are utilized to build identification models based on the histogram distribution characteristic vectors. Three kernel methods (linear kernel, polynomial kernel, and radial basis function kernel) are compared for monitoring tea quality. The results show that the optimal LS-SVM model has a 12% higher correct discrimination rate (CDR) than the SVM model. The polynomial kernel LS-SVM model yields satisfactory classification results with the CDR of 100% based on selected six shape features in the calibration and prediction sets. This work demonstrates that it is feasible to discriminate Congou black tea quality using CVS technology along with morphological features and nonlinear chemometric methods. A new perspective on the sizes of morphological characteristics is proposed as an identifier of Congou black tea quality.
Keywords: Congou black tea | Computer vision system | Morphological features | Least squares-support vector machine | Kernel method