عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Tourist gaze through computer vision: Differences between Asian, North American, and European tourists
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
نگاه توریستی از طریق دید رایانه ای: تفاوت بین گردشگران آسیایی ، آمریکای شمالی و اروپایی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Annals of Tourism Research, 88 (2021) 103039: doi:10:1016/j:annals:2020:103039
Photography has an intimate relationship with tourism (Urry, 1995). The personal photos are a record of the images that the tourist
has gazed on. As argued by Urry (1995), the essence of tourism is the visual consumption of places, and the fundamental motivation of
tourism is to gaze on those iconic symbols such as landscapes, people, buildings that have been visually represented and publicized in the
media (Garrod, 2009). Moreover, taking photographs is a major activity for the tourists and the photographs can serve as proof that the
tourist has been there (Jenkins, 2003). Tourists seek out particular views that were considered “photogenic” or “iconic,” and to reproduce
these in their photographs (Balomenou & Garrod, 2019). They love to post their photos on social media accompanied by texts as a way to
construct or re-construct their tourism experiences of the places and tourism activities (Lo & McKercher, 2015).
Prior studies of user-generated photographs mainly focus on the spatial-temporal patterns of tourist behavior (Önder, Koerbitz, & Hubmann-Haidvogel, 2016; Shoval, McKercher, Ng, et al., 2011; Vu, Li, Law, et al., 2015) and generate insights into tourists perceived images at the macro level, such as a city destination (Zoltan & McKercher, 2015). Few studies have explored the visual elements of tourists photos at a micro-level, such as a theme park. Cross-cultural studies of tourism have shown that tourists from different national cultural backgrounds differ in their perceptions of the benefits of a trip and travel behaviors (Pizam & Sussmann, 1995; Stepchenkova, Kim, & Kirilenko, 2015). Yet we have little knowledge about whether there are “gaze” differences of a theme park and its landscape between tourists from larger cultural categories such as Asian, North American, and European cultures (Zhang, Chen, & Li, 2019).
Keywords: Tourist photo | Computer vision | Cross-cultural study | Royal garden | Park | Landscape