عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Effects of temporary psychiatric holds on length of stay and readmission risk among persons admitted for psychotic disorders
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
اثرات بازداشت موقت روانپزشکی بر طول مدت اقامت و خطر بستری مجدد در افراد بستری شده برای اختلالات روانپریشی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 76 (2021) 101695: doi:10:1016/j:ijlp:2021:101695
Tyler A. Durns
The practice of involuntary psychiatric commitment is central to the acute treatment of persons with severe mental illness and others in psychiatric crisis. Deciding whether a patient should be admitted involuntarily re- quires weighing respect for autonomy against beneficence, considering the clinical needs of the patient, and navigating ambiguous legal standards. The relative dearth of information about the impact of involuntary commitment on objective patient outcomes complicates matters ethically, legally, and clinically. To address this gap in the literature, we sought to determine the association between temporary psychiatric holds and length of stay and readmission rates among a retrospective sample of adult patients admitted to a large psychiatric hospital with diagnoses of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, mania, and other psychotic disorders. In total, we identified 460 patients and 559 unique encounters meeting our inclusion criteria; 90 of the encounters were voluntary (involving a temporary psychiatric hold) and 469 were involuntary. Univariable and multivariable analyses suggested that temporary psychiatric holds were not significantly associated with either length of stay or readmission rate. These findings are relevant to clinicians who must decide whether to admit a patient involuntarily, as they suggest that making a patient involuntary is not associated with differences in length of stay or readmission risk.
Keywords: Civil commitment | Length of stay | Readmission | Psychosis