دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:پایه شواهد تجربی برای استفاده از HCR-20: مروری روایتی از طرح های مطالعه و قابلیت انتقال نتایج به عمل بالینی - 2020
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  • The empirical evidence base for the use of the HCR-20: A narrative review of study designs and transferability of results to clinical practice The empirical evidence base for the use of the HCR-20: A narrative review of study designs and transferability of results to clinical practice
    The empirical evidence base for the use of the HCR-20: A narrative review of study designs and transferability of results to clinical practice

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    The empirical evidence base for the use of the HCR-20: A narrative review of study designs and transferability of results to clinical practice


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    پایه شواهد تجربی برای استفاده از HCR-20: مروری روایتی از طرح های مطالعه و قابلیت انتقال نتایج به عمل بالینی


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 78 (2021) 101729: doi:10:1016/j:ijlp:2021:101729


    نویسنده:

    Alexander Challinor


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    The HCR-20, a widely used method of assessing and managing risk, relies on the structured professional judgement approach. This paper reports a narrative literature review of the HCR-20 studies to explore the applicability of the study results to the use of the HCR-20 in clinical practice. From a literature search using terms “HCR-20” and “HCR 20”, 206 papers were included. Of studies using the HCR-20 version 2 (n = 191), 92% (n =176) relied on variables based on scores derived by adding item scores, and 50% (n = 95) tested the HCR-20using predictive validity methodology. Of the HCR-20 version 3 studies (n = 21), the “presence of risk fac- tors” step was the most commonly examined (n = 18, 86%), but 2 of the 7 steps (“scenario planning” and “management”) were not examined at all. Amongst those studies whose primary focus was on the HCR-20, 67% (n = 64/95) did so by assessing the predictive validity of the tool. Only one employed a design to test whether the use of the HCR-20 affected violence rates. The predominant study design provides support for the use of the HCR-20 as an actuarial tool, and there is limited empirical evidence in support of its effectiveness as a structured professional judgement approach to the assessment and management of the risk of violence.
    Keywords: Risk assessment | risk management | HCR-20 | structured professional judgement | actuarial | predictive validity | threat assessment


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9
    حجم فایل: 531 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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