دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:ابزارهای مالی مستلزم بدهی هستند: اتر، بیت کوین و لایت کوین چنین نیستند - 2020
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  • Financial instruments entail liabilities: Ether, bitcoin, and litecoin do not Financial instruments entail liabilities: Ether, bitcoin, and litecoin do not
    Financial instruments entail liabilities: Ether, bitcoin, and litecoin do not

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Financial instruments entail liabilities: Ether, bitcoin, and litecoin do not


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    ابزارهای مالی مستلزم بدهی هستند: اتر، بیت کوین و لایت کوین چنین نیستند


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice, 40 (2021) 105494: doi:10:1016/j:clsr:2020:105494


    نویسنده:

    Evariest Callens


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    The financial assets that are subject to major EU financial legislation (i.e. (designated types of) financial instruments) have traditionally been defined in a largely exemplary and circular manner. The recent proliferation of ‘non-traditional’ financial assets, such as cryptocurrencies and stablecoins, is increasingly challenging the viability of these pragmatic financial asset definitions. Through the analysis of the technologies and functionalities underpinning non-traditional financial assets, legal scholarship has aimed to categorize novel assets within the existing framework of financial asset definitions. Although a solid understanding of e.g. distributed ledger applications and cryptography appears a prerequisite for future policy and legislative interventions, contemporary EU financial legislation is mostly indifferent to the technologies on which financial assets may be wired. Categorizations based on the purposes that non-traditional assets may serve (i.e. payment, utility, and investment) are more relevant to financial law, but suffer from subjectivity because they depend on the asset usage by the asset holder. Against this backdrop, this paper proposes a novel systematization of non-traditional assets that is based upon the conceptual substructure of the assets within the scope of EU financial legislation. More specifically, this paper submits that, irrespective of underlying technologies and functionalities, all assets that are subject to major EU financial legislation have a conceptual common denominator: they entail the liability of an entity and, hence, have intrinsic value. The proposed categorization singles out a welldefined group of novel financial assets that is not subject to EU financial law (i.e. assets that only have extrinsic value). Different from functionality- and technology-based categorizations, the suggested approach allows to eradicate some ambiguities that are present in the existing taxonomies. By exploring the conceptual common denominator of the financial assets that are subject to EU financial legislation, this paper aims to foster debate on the circular and exemplary character of financial asset definitions in EU financial legislation in general and the relation of these definitions to novel types of financial assets in particular.
    Keywords: Financial instruments | Transferable securities | MiFID II | Intrinsic v. extrinsic asset value | Cryptocurrencies | Stablecoins | Bitcoin | Ether | Litecoin | Ripple


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 20
    حجم فایل: 790 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


    توضیحات اضافی:




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