دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:امنیت سایبری، ایمنی و روبات ها: تقویت پیوند بین امنیت سایبری و ایمنی در زمینه ربات های مراقبت - 2020
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  • Cybersecurity, safety and robots: Strengthening the link between cybersecurity and safety in the context of care robots Cybersecurity, safety and robots: Strengthening the link between cybersecurity and safety in the context of care robots
    Cybersecurity, safety and robots: Strengthening the link between cybersecurity and safety in the context of care robots

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Cybersecurity, safety and robots: Strengthening the link between cybersecurity and safety in the context of care robots


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    امنیت سایبری، ایمنی و روبات ها: تقویت پیوند بین امنیت سایبری و ایمنی در زمینه ربات های مراقبت


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice, 41 (2021) 105528: doi:10:1016/j:clsr:2021:105528


    نویسنده:

    Eduard Fosch-Villaronga


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    This paper addresses the interplay between robots, cybersecurity, and safety from a European legal perspective, a topic under-explored by current technical and legal literature. The legal framework, together with technical standards, is a necessary parameter for the production and deployment of robots. However, European law does not regulate robots as such, and there exist multiple and overlapping legal requirements focusing on specific contexts, such as product safety and medical devices. Besides, the recently enacted European Cybersecurity Act establishes a cybersecurity certification framework, which could be used to define cybersecurity requirements for robots, although concrete cyber-physical implementation requirements are not yet prescribed. In this article, we illustrate cybersecurity challenges and their subsequent safety implications with the concrete example of care robots. These robots interact in close, direct contact with children, elderly, and persons with disabilities, and a malfunctioning or cybersecurity threat may affect the health and well-being of these people. Moreover, care robots may process vast amounts of data, including health and behavioral data, which are especially sensitive in the healthcare domain. Security vulnerabilities in robots thus raise significant concerns, not only for manufacturers and programmers, but also for those who interact with them, especially in sensitive applications such as healthcare. While the latest European policymaking efforts on robot regulation acknowledge the importance of cybersecurity, many details, and their impact on user safety have not yet been addressed in depth. Our contribution aims to answer the question whether the current European legal framework is prepared to address cyber and physical risks from care robots and ensure safe human–robot interactions in such a sensitive context. Cybersecurity and physical product safety legal requirements are governed separately in a dual regulatory framework, presenting a challenge in governing uniformly and adequately cyber-physical systems such as care robots. We conceptualize and discuss the challenges of regulating cyber-physical systems’ security with the current dual framework, particularly the lack of mandatory certifications. We conclude that policymakers need to consider cybersecurity as an indissociable aspect of safety to ensure robots are truly safe to use.
    Keywords: Cybersecurity | Safety | Robots | Human–robot interaction | Connected products | Medical Devices | Healthcare | GDPR | NIS Directive | Product Safety


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 13
    حجم فایل: 572 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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