دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:پلتفرم های گوشی های هوشمند به عنوان تنظیم کننده حریم خصوصی - 2020
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  • Smartphone platforms as privacy regulators Smartphone platforms as privacy regulators
    Smartphone platforms as privacy regulators

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Smartphone platforms as privacy regulators


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    پلتفرم های گوشی های هوشمند به عنوان تنظیم کننده حریم خصوصی


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice, 41 (2021) 105557: doi:10:1016/j:clsr:2021:105557


    نویسنده:

    Joris van Hoboken


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    A series of recent developments highlight the increasingly important role of online platforms in impacting data privacy in today’s digital economy. Revelations and parliamentary hearings about privacy violations in Facebook’s app and service partner ecosystem, EU Court of Justice judgments on joint responsibility of platforms and platform users, and the rise of smartphone app ecosystems where app behaviour is governed by app distribution platforms and operating systems, all show that platform policies can make or break the enjoyment of privacy by users. In this article, we examine these developments and explore the question of what can and should be the role of platforms in protecting data privacy of their users. The article first distinguishes the different roles that platforms can have in ensuring respect for data privacy in relevant ecosystems. These roles include governing access to data, design of relevant interfaces and privacy mechanisms, setting of legal and technical standards, policing behaviour of the platform’s (business) users, coordinating responsibility for privacy issues between platform users and the platform, and direct and indirect enforcement of a platform’s data privacy standards on relevant players. At a higher level, platforms can also perform a role by translating different international regulatory requirements into platform policies, thereby facilitating compliance of apps in different regulatory environments. And in all of this, platforms are striking a balance between ensuring the respect for data privacy in data-driven environments on the one hand and optimization of the value and business opportunities connected to the platform and underlying data for users of the platform on the other hand.
    After this analysis of platforms’ roles in protecting privacy, the article turns to the question of what should this role be and how to better integrate platforms in the current legal frameworks for data privacy in Europe and the US. The article will argue for a compromise between direct regulation of platforms and mere self-regulation, in arguing that platforms should be required to make official disclosures about their privacy-related policies and practices for their respective ecosystems. These disclosures should include statements about relevant conditions for access to data and the platform, the platform’s standards with respect to privacy and the way in which these standards ensure or facilitate compliance with existing legal frameworks by platform users, and statements with respect to the risks of abuse of different data sources and platform tools and actions taken to prevent or police such abuses. We argue that such integration of platforms in current regulatory frameworks is both feasible and desirable. It would make the role that platforms already have in practice more explicit. This would help to highlight best practices, create more accountability and could save significant regulatory and compliance resources in bringing relevant information together in one place. In addition, it could provide clarity for business users of platforms, who are now sometimes confronted with restrictive decisions by platforms in ways that lack transparency and oversight.
    Keywords: Online platforms | Smartphones | Data protection | Privacy | Regulation | Disclosures


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 18
    حجم فایل: 566 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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