دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:پرونده علیه شروط برابری قیمت باریک: - 2020
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  • The case against ‘Narrow’ price parity clauses The case against ‘Narrow’ price parity clauses
    The case against ‘Narrow’ price parity clauses

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    The case against ‘Narrow’ price parity clauses


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    پرونده علیه شروط برابری قیمت "باریک":


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice, 41 (2021) 105574: doi:10:1016/j:clsr:2021:105574


    نویسنده:

    Vikas Kathuria Dr.


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Authors: Price parity clauses have received significant amount of attention from both aca- demics and antitrust agencies. The predominant view is that ‘narrow’ parity clauses are not as pernicious as ‘wide’ parity clauses and they are necessary to restrict free-riding; for instance, free-riding of hotels on Online Travel Agents’ (OTAs) efforts. This paper chal- lenges this understanding. The paper builds upon a recent investigation report from the Bundeskartellamt in Booking.com case that empirically shows the insignificance of free- riding in the market for online hotel intermediation. With explicit reference to these empir- ical findings the German Supreme Court (BGH) has rejected a justification of narrow parity clauses and declared them as illegal. In the absence of a free-riding argument, the theory of harm that ‘narrow’ parity clauses stifle intra-brand competition between different distribu- tion channels and foreclose the market for the brokerage of hotel rooms through OTAs does not meet any justification. Additionally, the paper argues that even in the presence of free- riding, the transfer of wealth from hotels to OTAs is unjustified as ‘narrow’ parity clauses incentivise OTAs more than the risk they undertake.© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Keywords: Most favoured nation clauses | Price parity clauses | Narrow MFN | Booking.com | Antitrust | Competition law


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9
    حجم فایل: 363 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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