عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
From social netizens to data citizens: Variations of GDPR awareness in 28 European countries
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
از کاربران اجتماعی تا شهروندان داده: تغییرات آگاهی GDPR در 28 کشور اروپایی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice, 42 (2021) 105585: doi:10:1016/j:clsr:2021:105585
We study variability in General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) awareness in relation to dig- ital experience in the 28 European countries of EU27-UK, through secondary analysis of the Eurobarometer 91.2 survey conducted in March 2019 (N = 27,524). Education, occupation, and age are the strongest sociodemographic predictors of GDPR awareness, with little influence of gender, subjective economic well-being, or locality size. Digital experience is significantly and positively correlated with GDPR awareness in a linear model, but this relationship proves to be more complex when we examine it through a typological analysis. Using an exploratory k-means cluster analysis we identify four clusters of digital citizenship, across both dimensions of digital experience and GDPR awareness: the off-line citizens (22%), the social netizens (32%), the web citizens (17%), and the data citizens (29%). The off-line citizens rank lowest in internet use and GDPR awareness; the web citizens rank at about average values, while the data citizens rank highest in both digital experience and GDPR knowl- edge and use. The fourth identified cluster, the social netizens, have a discordant profile, with remarkably high social network use, below average online shopping experiences, and low GDPR awareness. Digitalization in human capital and general internet use is a strong country-level correlate of the national frequency of the data citizen type. Our results con- firm previous studies of the low privacy awareness and skills associated with intense social media consumption, but we find that young generations are evenly divided between the rather carefree social netizens and the strongly invested data citizens. In order to achieve the full potential of the GDPR in changing surveillance practices while fostering consumer trust and responsible use of Big Data, policymakers should more effectively engage the dig-∗ Corresponding author. E-mail addresses: email@example.com (R. Rughiniș), firstname.lastname@example.org (C. Rughiniș), email@example.com (S.N. Vulpe), firstname.lastname@example.org (D. Rosner).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2021.1055850267-3649/© 2021 A. Noida. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. itally connected social netizens in the public debate over data use and protection. Moreover, they should enable all types of digital citizens to exercise their GDPR rights and to support the creation of value from data, while defending the right to protection of personal data.© 2021 A. Noida. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: GDPR awareness | Data citizenship | Digital citizenship | Protection of personal data | privacy