عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Radiography of human dry bones: A reflective account with recommendations for practice
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
رادیوگرافی استخوان های خشک انسان: یک حساب بازتابنده با توصیه های عملیاتی
ScienceDirect- Elsevier- Radiography, Corrected proof: doi:10:1016/j:radi:2021:10:011
Introduction: This study presents the reflective account of a large-scale radiographic survey of medieval
and post-medieval long bones from St Albans, United Kingdom. As a practicing diagnostic radiographer
and archaeologist, the author sought to apply experiential learning to generate recommendations for
archaeological and forensic radiography practice. The purpose of the imaging was to identify Harris lines
for biological stress, however this reflective piece concerns the adaptation of clinical radiographic
technique for human dry bones.
Methods: Imaging took place over five sessions in early 2021 with the assistance of an osteoarchaeologist. Radiography followed standard clinical views (anterior-posterior and medio-lateral) of femora, humeri, radii and tibiae using a digital radiography system. A workplace diary was used to record challenges, solutions and musings related to radiographic technique. The Rolfe, Freshwater and Jasper reflective model was applied to collate and present findings.
Results: A total of 502 radiographs of 426 long bones (92 individuals) were acquired. A multidisciplinary team was found to be essential for correct identification of anatomy, laterality and orientation of remains during the survey. Anterior-posterior views were easiest to achieve, with medio-lateral imaging requiring considerably more effort. Radiolucent sponge supports were necessary, although fragmented remains were often impossible to position accurately. Hands-on experience of human bones improved the authors knowledge and confidence with osteology.
Conclusion: Although limited to selective long bones of archaeological context and personal experience, the findings of this study have direct applications for forensic radiography practice. This includes use of a multidisciplinary team, robust workflow with integrated failsafe checks, consistent imaging approach and the application of radiolucent sponge supports.
Implications for practice: Recommendations within this study may contribute towards a comprehensive guide for radiographic technique for human dry bones.
keywords: باستان شناسی | پزشک قانونی | جریان کار | چند رشته ای | استئولوژی | تکنیک | Archaeology | Forensic | Workﬂow | Multidisciplinary | Osteology | Technique