دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:پایداری محیط زیست و اقتصادی بخش های کلیدی در زنجیره صنعت فولاد چین: استفاده از رویکرد حسابداری ظاهری - 2021
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  • Environmental and economic sustainability of key sectors in Chinas steel industry chain: An application of the Emergy Accounting approach Environmental and economic sustainability of key sectors in Chinas steel industry chain: An application of the Emergy Accounting approach
    Environmental and economic sustainability of key sectors in Chinas steel industry chain: An application of the Emergy Accounting approach

    سال انتشار:

    2021


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Environmental and economic sustainability of key sectors in Chinas steel industry chain: An application of the Emergy Accounting approach


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    پایداری محیط زیست و اقتصادی بخش های کلیدی در زنجیره صنعت فولاد چین: استفاده از رویکرد حسابداری ظاهری


    منبع:

    ScienceDirect- Elsevier- Ecological Indicators, 129 (2021) 108011: doi:10:1016/j:ecolind:2021:108011


    نویسنده:

    Yanxin Liu


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Increasing urbanization day–by–day requires new housing and transportation infrastructures. As a consequence, demand for steel – a basic material for buildings construction as well as for vehicles and railroads – would also increases. This study applies Emergy Accounting (EMA) to assess the Chinás steel industry environmental per- formance and to identify key application sectors. Subsequently, this study calculates emergy–based indicators capable to assess the present economic performance, environmental sustainability, and land resource appropriate utilization. Building on these indicators, changes of sustainability scenarios in key application sectors are also investigated, with special focus on increased use of recycled steel. The results show that the environmental impacts of steel use in downstream sectors, specially in the Housing and Vehicles Sectors, are significantly higher. Furthermore, the downstream sectors also have a very large requirement for embodied land. Addition- ally, the Emergy Benefit Ratio (EBR) shows non-negligible advantages to China derived from importing raw iron from abroad at international market prices. Finally, when the recycling rate of scrap steel increases, the per- formance of downstream sectors improves, with the Vehicle sector showing the most significant changes. Although the benefits of steel-based economy to society are clear, multidimensional sustainability concerns and international competition for primary resources necessitate a transition towards increased recycling and inno- vative materials within a strictly enforced “circular economy” policy.
    keywords: بخش های کاربردی فولاد | حسابداری امری | بازیافت فولاد و استفاده مجدد از فولاد | ارزیابی پایداری | Steel application sectors | Emergy accounting | Steel recycling and reusing | Sustainability assessment


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 12
    حجم فایل: 3036 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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