دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:استراتژی‌های مدیریت، شیوه‌های سیلووپاستورال و محرک‌های اجتماعی-اکولوژیکی در سیستم‌های دام سنتی در جنگل‌های خشک استوایی: یک تحلیل یکپارچه - 2021
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  • Management strategies, silvopastoral practices and socioecological drivers in traditional livestock systems in tropical dry forests: An integrated analysis Management strategies, silvopastoral practices and socioecological drivers in traditional livestock systems in tropical dry forests: An integrated analysis
    Management strategies, silvopastoral practices and socioecological drivers in traditional livestock systems in tropical dry forests: An integrated analysis

    سال انتشار:

    2021


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Management strategies, silvopastoral practices and socioecological drivers in traditional livestock systems in tropical dry forests: An integrated analysis


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    استراتژی‌های مدیریت، شیوه‌های سیلووپاستورال و محرک‌های اجتماعی-اکولوژیکی در سیستم‌های دام سنتی در جنگل‌های خشک استوایی: یک تحلیل یکپارچه


    منبع:

    ScienceDirect- Elsevier- Forest Ecology and Management, 479 (2021) 118506: doi:10:1016/j:foreco:2020:118506


    نویسنده:

    Rosa Sánchez-Romero


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Understanding traditional livestock management is essential in the design of more sustainable systems, given the forest loss associated to the growing demand for meat. In Latin America, where extensive livestock production is increasing, along with tropical dry forest (TDF) transformation, the role of small holders is critical for designing more sustainable management practices. This study is an integrated socioecological analysis of traditional li- vestock systems in a region with TDF in Mexico. The objectives were to: a) characterise the historical devel- opment and current state of livestock systems and silvopastoral practices, b) define the management strategies and their impacts on forests, and c) identify the regional and local socioecological drivers that influence decision- making processes in livestock and forest management. In-depth interviews were carried out to 32 cattle farmers and analysed using a qualitative-interpretative approach which included multivariate and narrative analyses. Three historical stages (colonization, promotion of livestock and forest conservation) had a strong impact in the development and current state of livestock systems. Access to natural and economic resources and proportion of plant cover (grassland/forest) were essential in defining four groups of management strategies. The main re- gional drivers favouring or restricting production include climate, native vegetation, markets and public policies; at the local scale, socioecological factors, such as water availability, native vegetation, economic assets, local knowledge and their interactions determine heterogeneity in management strategies, decision-making processes and their impacts on forests. Adaptive management of livestock and forests in a context of limited economic resources has allowed the conservation of forest areas and the use of silvopastoral practices with local tree species. The integrated socio-ecological approach and the use of mixed methods allowed a better understanding of drivers and their interrelationships, the local knowledge, objectives and perceptions of farmers in the decision- making processes regarding livestock and forest management. Perspectives of farmers on resource use can contribute to the design of more effective and inclusive policies for sustainable livestock systems in the dry tropics.
    keywords: سیستم های اکولوژیکی اجتماعی | دامپروری | شیوه های سیلووپاستوری | جنگل خشک استوایی | Socioecological systems | Livestock management | Silvopastoral practices | Tropical dry forest


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 10
    حجم فایل: 3578 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


    توضیحات اضافی:




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