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مدیریت دانش - knowledge management
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
How to foster scientific knowledge integration in coastal management
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
چگونه یکپارچه سازی دانش علمی را در مدیریت ساحلی پرورش دهیم
ScienceDirect- Elsevier- Ocean and Coastal Management, 209 (2021) 105661: doi:10:1016/j:ocecoaman:2021:105661
Mafalda Marques Carapuço
Development of science-based coastal policies and strategies that effectively cope with coastal change and risk
requires transfer of scientific knowledge beyond the scientific community, and its integration in management
processes. However, scientists frequently convey their message to non-specialized audiences resourcing to their
own empirical experience, often leading to a high effort - low efficiency process.
This paper aims to propose a simple conceptual model to guide scientists in the process of knowledge transfer,
focusing on whom and how, and promoting the efficiency of both the science dissemination process and inte-
gration of scientific knowledge in management of coastal land and risk. The model proposed herein aims to guide
scientists to actively pursue the goal of transferring their knowledge to policymakers and managers besides
layman society, and is essentially based upon a review and integration of previous work.
We argue that selection of the most efficient scientific knowledge transfer mechanism (outreach, crowdsourcing
tools, managers-oriented tools or co-production) should be based following careful consideration of level of
engagement with the audience, and take into consideration political and social contexts. The level of engagement
also controls the amount of effort involved in message framing, and the nature and robustness of the feedback
from the target audience. The model acknowledges that communication strategy must be thought on a case-by-
case basis and ranks the proportion of effort distributed between message deliverer (framing) and receiver
(engagement) implicit in each transfer mechanism. This helps to select the most adequate mechanism and op-
timizes knowledge transfer efforts. In addition, it highlights the importance of encouraging scientists to develop
message framing skills and to acknowledge the benefits of engaging with others.
keywords: انتقال دانش | نامزدی | تماس با ما | crowdsourcing | ابزار مدیریت گرا | تولید مشترک | Knowledge transfer | Engagement | Outreach | Crowdsourcing | Management-oriented tools | Co-production