عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Knowledge in pre-hospital emergency and risk management among outdoor adventure practitioners in East Africa afro-alpine mountains
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
دانش در اورژانس قبل از بیمارستان و مدیریت ریسک در میان تمرینکنندگان ماجراجویی در فضای باز در کوه های آفریقای شرقی آفریقا
ScienceDirect- Elsevier- African Journal of Emergency Medicine, 11 (2021) 87-92: doi:10:1016/j:afjem:2020:08:006
Introduction: The enjoyment of nature and other benefits of outdoor activities happen amid inherent hazards. This
calls for knowledge and competency in emergency and risk management. Practitioners in outdoor activities, such
as mountaineering, thus need to be knowledgeable on how to manage risks and attend to emergencies in their
practice. The study sought to establish the preparedness of East African mountaineering practitioners in pre-
hospital emergency and risk management. It sought to establish their knowledge on prehospital emergency and
risk management, based on their age, gender, level of education and refresher training.
Methods: The study purposively sampled one hundred and thirty six (N = 136) outdoor adventure practitioners
from the Afro-alpine mountain areas in East Africa. It was hypothesized that there would be no significant
relationship between the outdoor practitioners’ knowledge in prehospital emergency risk management and their
age, gender, level of education, refresher training. Somers’ d was used to test the hypotheses.
Results: It was established that the knowledge scores of prehospital emergency and risk management for the
mountaineering practitioners was low. It was also established that the knowledge scores of outdoor practitioners
were not dependent on their age, gender, and work experience. However, there was a significant relationship
between the outdoor adventure practitioners’ knowledge scores and their highest level of education as well as
Conclusions: The study concluded that there were gaps in the knowledge of prehospital risk management of the
East African Afro-alpine mountaineering practitioners. It recommends frequent and regular training and re-
certification among outdoor adventure practitioners in order to raise the knowledge in prehospital emergency
• Identifying prehospital emergency care knowledge by African out-
• Prehospital emergency care is not emphasized in the outdoor
• With inaccessible health care in African outdoors, there is need for
door practitioners can guide planning for training.
adventure practice in many African settings.
knowledge in prehospital emergency risk management.
keywords: دانش | پیش بیمارستان | اضطراری | کوهنوردی | ماجرا | در فضای باز | Knowledge | Prehospital | Emergency | Mountaineering | Adventure | Outdoor