مدیریت دانش - knowledge management
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Learning from past earthquake disasters: The need for knowledge management system to enhance infrastructure resilience in Indonesia
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
یادگیری از بلایای زلزله گذشته: نیاز به سیستم مدیریت دانش برای افزایش انعطاف پذیری زیرساخت در اندونزی
ScienceDirect- Elsevier- International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 64 (2021) 102424: doi:10:1016/j:ijdrr:2021:102424
Indonesia lies at the region where Indo-Australian, Eurasian, Pacific and Philippines global tectonic plates meet.
In the last 30 years, Indonesia has experienced catastrophic earthquake disasters, causing thousands of loss of life
and major infrastructure damage. Since the 2004 devastating Sumatra-Andaman tsunamigenic earthquake,
knowledge derived from various disaster experiences regarding infrastructure resilience have been improving.
Yet disasters such as the recent 2018 Lombok and Palu earthquakes remain devastating. An investigation on how
knowledge on past earthquakes have been managed and utilized to promote better resilient infrastructure in
Indonesia is conducted. Lessons are extracted from 5 significant earthquakes causing major damage through
compilation and analysis of scientific publications and reports on field surveys, works and existing policies.
Factors that keep contributing to the failure of buildings and infrastructure include lack of understanding of local
hazard situation, incompliance to seismic resistant codes and standards for buildings and infrastructure, prob-
lematic soil condition, and collateral hazards such as tsunami, liquefaction, ground subsidence, landslides, rock
avalanche which are adding to the complexity of the seismic hazard. The scarcity of information and knowledge
on the performance on resilience of infrastructure during earthquakes in Indonesia limits knowledge-based de-
cision making in the planning, development and operation of resilient infrastructure. This study calls for the
development of a knowledge management system for earthquake resilient infrastructure in Indonesia, to save
more lives and to reduce economic disruptions due to infrastructure damages, and thus contribute to the sus-
tainable development goals achievement.
keywords: زیرساخت های انعطاف پذیر | سیستم مدیریت دانش | زمين لرزه | کاهش خطر | Resilient infrastructure | Knowledge management system | Earthquake | Risk reduction
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