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مدیریت دانش - knowledge management
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
On-farm experiences shape farmer knowledge, perceptions of pollinators, and management practices
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تجارب در مزرعه دانش کشاورز، ادراکات گرده افشان ها و شیوه های مدیریتی را شکل می دهد
ScienceDirect- Elsevier- Global Ecology and Conservation, 32 (2021) e01949: doi:10:1016/j:gecco:2021:e01949
Mitigating pollinator declines in agriculturally dominated landscapes to safeguard pollination
services requires the involvement of farmers and their willingness to adopt pollinator-friendly
management. However, farmer knowledge, perceptions, and actions to support on-farm pollinators and their alignment with science-based knowledge and recommendations are rarely
evaluated. To close this knowledge gap, we interviewed 560 farmers from 11 countries around
the world, cultivating at least one of four widely grown pollinator-dependent crops (apple, avocado, kiwifruit, oilseed rape). We particularly focused on non-bee crop pollinators which,
despite being important pollinators of many crops, received less research attention than bees. We
found that farmers perceived bees to be more important pollinators than other flower-visiting
insects. However, around 75% of the farmers acknowledged that non-bees contributed to the
pollination of their crops, seeing them as additional pollinators rather than substitutes for bees.
Despite farmers rating their own observations as being most important in how they perceived the contribution of different crop pollinator taxa, their perception aligned closely with results from
available scientific studies across crops and countries. Farmer perceptions were also linked with
their pollinator management practices, e.g. farmers who used managed bees for crop pollination
services (more than half the farmers) rated these managed bees as particularly important.
Interestingly, their willingness to establish wildflower strips or manage hedgerows to enhance
pollinator visitation was linked to their ecological knowledge of non-bees or to government
subsidies. Farmers adapted practices to enhance pollination services depending on the crop,
which indicates an understanding of differences in the pollination ecology of crops. Almost half of
the farmers had changed on-farm pollination management in the past 10 years and farm practices
differed greatly between countries. This suggests integrated crop pollination measures are being
adapted by farmers to reach best pollinator management practices. Our findings highlight the
importance of studying local knowledge as a key to co-design locally-adapted measures to
facilitate pollinator-integrated food production as ecological intensification tools.
keywords: حفاظت | گرده افشانی | تشدید زیست محیطی | دانش کشاورز | دانش محلی | نظر سنجی | Conservation | Crop pollination | Ecological intensification | Farmer knowledge | Local knowledge | Survey