بینایی ماشین - Machine vision
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Head tremor in cervical dystonia: Quantifying severity with computer vision
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
لرزش سر در دیستونی دهانه رحم: کمی کردن شدت با دید کامپیوتری
ScienceDirect- Elsevier- Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 434 (2022) 120154: doi:10:1016/j:jns:2022:120154
Jeanne P. Vu
Background: Head tremor (HT) is a common feature of cervical dystonia (CD), usually quantified by subjective
observation. Technological developments offer alternatives for measuring HT severity that are objective and
amenable to automation.
Objectives: Our objectives were to develop CMOR (Computational Motor Objective Rater; a computer vision-
based software system) to quantify oscillatory and directional aspects of HT from video recordings during a
clinical examination and to test its convergent validity with clinical rating scales.
Methods: For 93 participants with isolated CD and HT enrolled by the Dystonia Coalition, we analyzed video
recordings from an examination segment in which participants were instructed to let their head drift to its most
comfortable dystonic position. We evaluated peak power, frequency, and directional dominance, and used
Spearman’s correlation to measure the agreement between CMOR and clinical ratings.
Results: Power averaged 0.90 (SD 1.80) deg2/Hz, and peak frequency 1.95 (SD 0.94) Hz. The dominant HT axis
was pitch (antero/retrocollis) for 50%, roll (laterocollis) for 6%, and yaw (torticollis) for 44% of participants.
One-sided t-tests showed substantial contributions from the secondary (t = 18.17, p < 0.0001) and tertiary (t =
12.89, p < 0.0001) HT axes. CMOR’s HT severity measure positively correlated with the HT item on the Toronto
Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale-2 (Spearman’s rho = 0.54, p < 0.001).
Conclusions: We demonstrate a new objective method to measure HT severity that requires only conventional
video recordings, quantifies the complexities of HT in CD, and exhibits convergent validity with clinical severity
keywords: لرزش سر | ویدیو | بینایی کامپیوتر | درجه بندی شدت | TWSTRS | Head tremor | Video | Computer vision | Severity rating | TWSTRS