محاسبات کوانتومی - Quantum-Computing
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Assessing the Needs of the Quantum Industry
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
ارزیابی نیازهای صنعت کوانتومی
ieee - ieee Transactions on Education;2022;65;4;10:1109/TE:2022:3153841
Ciaran Hughes , Doug Finke , Dan-Adrian German, Celia Merzbacher, Patrick M. Vora , and H. J. Lewandowski
Background: Quantum information science and
technology (QIST) has progressed significantly in the last decade,
such that it is no longer solely in the domain of research labs,
but is now beginning to be developed for, and applied in, industrial applications and products. With the emergence of this new
quantum industry, a new workforce trained in QIST skills and
knowledge is needed.
Research Questions: To help support the education and training of this workforce, universities and colleges require knowledge
of the type of jobs available for their students and what skills
and degrees are most relevant for those new jobs. What are these
jobs, skills, and degrees?
Methodology: We report on the results from a survey of 57
companies in the quantum industry, with the goal of elucidating the jobs, skills, and degrees that are relevant for this new
Findings: We find a range of job opportunities from highly
specific jobs, such as quantum algorithm developer and error
correction scientist, to broader jobs categories within the business, software, and hardware sectors. These broader jobs require
a range of skills, most of which are not quantum related.
Furthermore, except for the highly specific jobs, companies that
responded to the survey are looking for a range of degree levels
to fill these new positions, from bachelors to masters to Ph.D.s.
Contribution: With this knowledge, students, instructors, and
university administrators can make informed decisions about
how to address the challenge of increasing the future quantum
Index Terms: Education, policy | quantum computing | workforce development.