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نتیجه جستجو - Financial performance

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 25
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 Comparing inter-organizational new product development strategies: Buy or ally; Supply-chain or non-supply-chain partners?
مقایسه استراتژی های جدید تولید محصول بین سازمانی: خرید یا اتحاد؛ زنجیره تامین یا شرکای غیر زنجیره تامین؟-2017
Recent supply chain and innovation literature emphasizes the importance of involving external organizations in product development. Building upon this stream of work, this study differentiates four inter-organizational new product development (NPD) strategies based on two dimensions: the external source (supply chain sources [SCS] and non-supply-chain sources [NSCS]) and form of engagement (ally and buy). Using theoretical arguments from the knowledge-based view, we compare the effects of these four strategies on product novelty and product financial performance. Moderated structural equation modeling is used to test the hypotheses, based on survey responses of 267 projects, partially complemented by archival objective data. Results suggest that some strategies are more effective for enhancing product novelty, while others are more beneficial for improving product financial performance. Furthermore, this study reveals no distinction between supply chain and non-supply-chain sources influences on product novelty. We also show that technology interdependence carries a significant role in enhancing the positive association between product novelty on product financial performance. Overall, this study demonstrates companies need to carefully design their inter-organizational NPD strategies to suit various needs of innovation projects.
Keywords: Inter-organizational new product development | Product novelty Collaboration | Knowledge acquisition | Knowledge management | |Technology interdependence | Supply chain
مقاله انگلیسی
2 Assessment of supply chain integration and performance relationships: A meta-analytic investigation of the literature
ارزیابی تجمیع زنجیره تامین و روابط عملکرد: تحقیق متاآنالیز از ادبیات-2017
The concept of integration has received considerable attention in operations and supply chain management literature in a time spanning over two decades. To advance theory development, it is important to critically examine the empirical findings in various integration studies. This paper undertakes an extensive investigation of the relationships between supply chain integration and various performance dimensions using a meta analytical methodology. The study contributes to literature in four important ways. First, the findings empirically show that internal integration, supplier integration, and customer integration have significant impact on a firms financial performance. Second, the study examines the impact of internal integration, supplier integration, and customer integration on a firms operational performance; and its underlying dimensions of cost, quality, delivery, and flexibility separately. Third, the study points out the specific relationships between supply chain integration and performance that need to be further examined within contingency framework to discern the role of moderating factors. Finally, to provide direction for managerial decision-making, the study offers insights regarding integration dimension(s) that have largest breadth and depth of impact on various performance measures.
Keywords: Internal integration | Supplier integration | Customer integration | Performance | Meta-analysis
مقاله انگلیسی
3 Exploring the interaction of inventory policies across the supply chain: An agent-based approach
بررسی اثر متقابل سیاست های موجودی در سراسر زنجیره تامین: رویکرد مبتنی بر عامل-2017
The Bullwhip Effect, which refers to the increasing variability of orders traveling upstream the supply chain, has shown to be a severe problem for many industries. The inventory policy of the various nodes is an important contributory factor to this phenomenon, and hence it significantly impacts on their financial performance. This fact has led to a large amount of research on replenishment and forecasting methods aimed at exploring their suitability depending on a range of environmental factors, e.g. the demand pattern and the lead time. This research work approaches this issue by seeing the whole picture of the supply chain. We study the interaction between four widely used inventory models in five different contexts depending on the customer demand variability and the safety stock. We show that the concurrence of distinct inventory models in the supply chain, which is a common situation in practice, may alleviate the generation of inefficiencies derived from the Bullwhip Effect. In this sense, we demonstrate that the performance of each policy depends not only upon the external environment but also upon the position within the system and upon the decisions of the other nodes. The experiments have been carried out via an agent-based system whose agents simulate the behavior of the different supply chain actors. This technique proves to offer a powerful and risk-free approach for business exploration and transformation.
Keywords: Supply Chain Management | Bullwhip Effect | Order-up-to inventory policy | Agent-based modeling
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Quality management approaches and their impact on firms׳ financial performance – An Australian study
روش های مدیریت کیفیت و تاثیر آنها بر عملکرد مالی شرکت - یک مطالعه در استرالیا-2016
The study of small manufacturing firms typically focuses on issues of entrepreneurship, business or operations strategy. Alternate issues remain scarce, and the implications for organisational performance are modest. In the Australian context, managers have often been criticised for their failure to recognise that quality and innovation are a key driving force to performance. This research utilises the work of several authors to develop quality orientations for small Australian manufacturing firms (SAMFs) to purposefully bridge the gaps in the business literature, and enable the evaluation of various performance outcomes. Specifically, this study investigates whether a firm's stated quality orientation is useful in differentiating firm performance. The research utilises longitudinal panel data gathered by the Australian Bureau of Statistics growth and performance survey over four years from financial year 1995 to 1998. We demonstrate that firm quality management orientation does provide a statistically significant financial performance advantage (and by inference survival advantage) over those SAMFs who do not engage in quality management. The research is a significant addition to the quality – financial performance literature, and provides a pathway forward for the use of two new financial (productivity) ratios as performance measures.& 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Quality management | Financial performance | Manufacturing | SME | Quantitative | Secondary data | Australia
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Do outside directors influence the financial performance of risk-trading firms? Evidence from the United Kingdom (UK) insurance industry
آیا مدیران بیرونی تحت تاثیر عملکرد مالی شرکت های ریسک-تجارت قرار می گیرند؟ شواهد بدست آمده از (UK) صنعت بیمه انگلستان-2016
We examine the relation between outside board directors and six measures of financial performance using panel data for 1999–2012 drawn from the UK’s property-casualty insurance industry. We find that the proportion of outsiders on the board is unrelated to performance; rather it is outsiders’ financial expertise that has the most significant financial performance impact. In addition, superior performance can also be related to the financial expertise of inside directors, thereby reinforcing the importance of board-level financial expertise in the insurance industry. Our results have potential commercial and/or policy implications.© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Outside directors | Financial performance | Insurance | United Kingdom
مقاله انگلیسی
6 سرمایه فکری و عملکرد مالی : مطالعه بخش بانکداری ترکیه
سال انتشار: 2016 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 27
هدف از این مقاله تحلیل رابطه بین عملکرد سرمایه فکری و عملکرد مالی 44 بانکِ در حال کار در ترکیه بین سالهای 2005 و 2014 است. عملکرد سرمایه فکری بانکها از طریق روش ضریب ارزش افزوده فکری (VAIC) ارزیابی شده است. عملکرد سرمایه فکری بخش بانکداری ترکیه به طور کلی متأثر از بازده سرمایه انسانی (HCE) است. برحسب انواع بانکها ، توسعه و سرمایه گذاری بانکها دارای بالاترین میانگین VIAC است. عملکرد سرمایه فکری بخش بانک داری ترکیه به طور کلی متأثر از بازده سرمایه انسانی است (HCE). برحسب انواع بانکها ، بانکهای توسعه و سرمایه دارای بالاترین میانگین VAIC هستند. زمانیکه VAIC به اجزایش تقسیم شد ، این میتواند مشاهده شود که بازده بکار رفته سرمایه (CEE) و بازده سرمایه انسانی (HCE) به شکل مثبت بر عملکرد مالی بانکها تأثیر میگذارند. با این حال ، CEE دارای تأثیر زیادی بر عملکرد مالی بانکها در مقایسه با HCE میباشند. بنابراین ، بانکهای در حال کار در یخش بانکداری ترکیه باید از سرمایه های مالی و فیزیکی استفاده کنند اگر انها خواهان رسیدن به سطح سود دهی بالایی هستند.
کلیدواژه : سرمایه فکری | ضریب ارزش افزوده فکری (VAIC) | عملکرد مالی | بازگشت به دارایی | بخش بانکداری ترکیه
مقاله ترجمه شده
7 روش های مدیریت کیفیت و تاثیر آنها بر عملکرد مالی شرکت ها – مطالعه ی موردی استرالیایی
سال انتشار: 2016 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 13 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 38
معمولا تمرکز مطالعات در زمینه¬ی شرکت های تولیدی کوچک بر روی مسائل مربوط به کارآفرینی، کسب و کار و یا عملیات استراتژی است. مسائل کمی برای جایگزینی وجود دارد، و مفاهیم عملکرد سازمانی نسبتا کم هستند. در متون استرالیایی، مدیران اغلب نیروی پیشبرنده کلیدی عملکرد را برای تشخیص شکست سازماندهی کیفیت و نوآوری مورد انتقاد قرار دادند. این پژوهش با بهره گیری از کار چندین محقق، به توسعه¬ی جهت گیری کیفیت در شرکت های تولیدی استرالیا کوچک (SAMFs) با هدف رفع خلل در مقاله¬ی کسب و کار، و فعال کردن ارزیابی نتایج عملکرد¬های مختلف پرداخته است. اساسا، این مطالعه به بررسی اینکه آیا شرح جهت گیری کیفیت توسط شرکت در افتراق عملکرد شرکت مفید است یا نه، می پردازد. در این پژوهش، داده های فهرست بندی شده¬ی طولی با بهره گیری از رشد آماری و بررسی عملکرد توسط دفتر استرالیا، بیش از چهار سال مالی از سال 1995 تا 1998 جمع آوری شد و اثبات کردیم که روند مدیریت کیفیت شرکت، عملکرد مالی آماری معنی داری را فراهم می کند (و با استفاده از استنتاج نتایج مورد بررسی) بیشتر SAMFs درگیر مدیریت کیفیت نیستند. در این پژوهش، افزایش معنی داری در کیفیت عملکرد مالی مشاهده شد، و مسیری رو به پیشرفتی برای استفاده از دو نسبت جدید مالی (بهره وری) همانند اندازه گیری عملکرد فراهم کرد.
کلمات کلیدی: مدیریت کیفیت | عملکرد مالی | تولید | SME | کمی | داده های ثانویه | استرالیا
مقاله ترجمه شده
8 Financial extension that challenges farmers’ thinking in discussion clubs helps farmers improve their problem solving abilities
توسعه مالی به چالش تفکر کشاورزان در باشگاه بحث کمک می کند تا کشاورزان توانایی های حل مسئله خود را بهبود بخشند-2015
Interaction between farmers and between farmers and the extension service is an important part of the agricultural knowledge system. This paper explores how interaction between different parties in this system can improve farming performance. Tine Efficiency Analysis (TEA) is an advisory service where dairy farmers’ financial results are compared with other farms of similar size and region. In TEA the farmers discuss their farming results in discussion clubs. We (the researchers) analyse how membership in TEA and interaction with the extension service from Tine and other farmers in discussion clubs influences farmers’ problem solving behaviour and farm financial performance. Dairy consultants from Tine also visit the dairy farms regularly, regardless of membership in TEA. We also explore how interaction with consultants through these regular farm visits affect farmers’ problem solving behaviour. We selected the five most important dairy farming areas in Norway and randomly drew a sample of farmers. During the fall of 2007 we visited and interviewed 90 farmers. We did a qualitative data analysis and then we merged the interview data with the existing database on biological and financial data from 2007 to do statistical analyses. To evaluate the effect of TEA we applied a four-level model for evaluating training programmes. Through membership in TEA farmers learn to improve their problem solving, and this improves their financial performance. Our findings also show that frequent interaction with dairy consultants through regular farm visits helps farmers become more proactive, given that they have enough relevant knowledge. Both for farmers and for consultants it is essential to know that extension services contribute to better problem solving, more proactive behaviour and better financial performance. Keywords: Extension service Financial performance Problem solving Proactive behaviour Evaluation
مقاله انگلیسی
9 Unraveling the effects of environmental outcomes and processes on financial performance: A non-linear approach
پرده برداشتن از اثرات نتایج زیست محیطی و فرآیندهای بر عملکرد مالی: رویکرد غیر خطی-2015
We examine the roles of the outcome and process dimensions of environmental performance in determining fi - nancial performance as measured by Tobin's q. Outcomes refer to the impacts of the firm on the natural environment, while processes are the firm's actions to reduce these outcomes. We focus on a specific outcome – carbon emissions – and suggest that it affects Tobin's q non-linearly. We find that firms achieve the highest financial performance when their carbon performance is neither low nor high, but intermediate. We also find that environmental processes moderate this relationship as they reinforce firms' financial performance through improved stakeholder management. This mixed picture suggests that firms do not generally internalize the costs of poor carbon performance, but those that stand out in both environmental outcomes and processes achieve net financial benefits. These findings are based on a sample of carbon-intensive firms that disclosed their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through the Carbon Disclosure Project from 2007 through 2013. Keywords: GHG emissions Climate change Environmental management Financial performance Tobin's q
مقاله انگلیسی
10 Relationships between eco-innovation and financial performance evidence from publicly traded companies in Poland and Hungary
روابط بین کشورهای عضو اکو نوآوری و شواهد عملکرد مالی از شرکت های سهامی عام در لهستان و مجارستان-2015
While the analysis of the linkages between eco-innovative activities and financial performance is a popular topic in the existing body of literature, many questions about these relationships, especially in transition economies in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), remain unanswered. In this paper, we explore four types of eco-innovation (product, process, market and sources of supply) and their impact on accounting-based measurers of financial performance using the data on Polish and Hungarian publicly traded companies from the years 2006e2013. Our results indicated that eco-innovators were generally characterized by higher returns on assets and equity and lower earnings retention. Additionally, com panies that introduce eco-innovation were also significantly larger, more likely to face lower financial risk exposure and more likely to possess greater free cash flow than conventional firms. The findings suggest that strong asset and financial capabilities are relevant pre-conditions for the development of eco-innovativeness and that there is a need for environmental policy to create clear incentives for SMEs to increase activities in that area. Overall, this study extends the understanding of financial performance implications of innovation by focussing on the area of environmental innovation. Keywords: Eco-innovation Environmental management Financial performance Sustainable development Transition economies Publicly traded companies
مقاله انگلیسی
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